Course Title: Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles in Mechanical Engineering

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term1 2012

Course Code: MIET7317

Course Title: Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles in Mechanical Engineering

School: 130T Vocational Engineering

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6069 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology

Course Contact: Program Manager

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Dr. Daniela Achim

Tel No.: +(61 3) 9925 4523

Nominal Hours: 80

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites


Course Description

This unit of competency sets out the knowledge and skills required to apply fluid mechanic principles in mechanical engineering. This includes the principles and applications of fluids, fluid components, fluid status, fluid flow, fluid power, and forces developed by flow in fluids. To perform calculations to determine changes, forces etc, fluid flow, head loss in pipes and through open channels, to determine operational aspects of a pump in a system and to describe the basic types of fluid machinery.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication. However, practice in this unit is subject to regulations directly related to occupational health and safety and where applicable contracts of training such as apprenticeships and traineeships.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

VBP266 Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles in Mechanical Engineering


Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles to the solution of Engineering Problems

Performance Criteria:

1.1 OH&S and environmental requirements for a
given work area are obtained and understood.
1.2 Established OH&S requirements and risk control
measures and procedures in preparation for the
work area are followed.
1.3 Safety hazards, which have not previously been
identified, are documented and risk control
measures devised and implemented in
consultation with appropriate personnel.
1.4 The requirements for using fluid mechanic
principles in solving the engineering problem
are determined from documentation, reports, or
clients and from discussions with appropriate
1.5 Specifications for the solution are drawn up and
approved by the appropriate personnel.
1.6 Where appropriate, expert advice is sought with
respect to the solution and according to enterprise
1.7 Resources and equipment needed for the task are
obtained in accordance with enterprise


Identify the application of fluid mechanics to engineering problems.

Performance Criteria:

2.1 OH&S requirements for carrying out the work
are followed.
2.2 Solution options are evaluated and the most
appropriate solution is chosen.
2.3 Appropriate computations are carried out to
ensure that the solution meets specifications.
2.4 The fluid mechanic system is sketched to
2.5 Potential risks with respect to the application are
analysed and management strategies are
recommend to appropriate personnel.
2.6 Contingency plans are implemented in
collaboration with appropriate personnel.


Validate and Review the Solution.

Performance Criteria:

3.1 OH&S requirements for completing the work are
3.2 The solution validated and reviewed with the
appropriate personnel.
3.3. The fluid system is documented and approved by
the appropriate personnel

Learning Outcomes

Details of Learning Activities

Students will participate in a variety of teaching methods including: lectures, tutorials,practicals, class discussion,
seminar presentations, group/individual work on projects, audio-visual presentations, site visits, and interaction with
individuals and groups within the Fluid Mechanics area.

***Teaching Schedule***

Week 1: Introduction and Overview of Course

Week 2: Basic properties of fluids

Week 3: Components

Week 4: Fluid Statics

Week 5: Fluid flow

Week 6: Fluid Power

Week 7: Forces developed by flowing fluids

Week 8: Revison

Week 9: Part Exam

Week 10: Reynold’s Number and Flow Regime

Week 11: Head Loss in Pipes and Fittings

Week 12: Pipe Networks

Week 13: Channel flow

Week 14: Fluid Machinery

Week 15: Pumping Systems 

Week 16: Revision

Week 17-18: Exam

Teaching Schedule

Week   Topics                                                                                                                             ResourcesExaminations
1Introduction and Overview of Course  2,3 

1. Basic properties of fluids.

Description of a fluid and the difference between solids and fluids, liquids and gases, hydraulics and pneumatics; Chemical properties, reaction with metals,
corrosiveness, flammability, toxicity, pollution and environmental effects;
Dissolves gases and particles in liquids (slurries) Foaming of liquids:
Basic properties and units - mass, volume, density, specific volume, relative density, force and weight, pressure (absolute, atmospheric and
gauge), temperature (Celsius and Kelvin), viscosity, surface tension;
Vapour pressure of a liquid - saturation vapour pressure; Temperature and pressure effects on the basic properties Ideal/perfect gases and liquids
Gas laws for ideal gases


2. Components
Pipes, channels, tubes and ducts (rigid and flexible) Valves - gate, globe, non-return/foot, needle, ball, plug cock, diaphragm, pressure regulating/reducing, safety
valves Filters and strainers for gases and liquids Gauges and instruments - pressure and temperature gauges, liquid level gauges, thermometers,
thermocouples, manometers, piezometers Pipe fittings - elbows/bends, enlargement/contractions, coupler/unions, tees Tanks and vessels - storage tanks, pressure vessels, header and surge tanks, weirs/dams/reservoirs
Nozzles/spray heads Flow measurement instruments - venturi and orifice
meters, pitot tube, rotameter, anemometer (fan/hot wire) Pumps/compressors, motors/turbines Actuators - linear (cylinders) and rotary Selection of equipment and instruments considering properties and compatibility

43. Fluid Statics
Pressure at a point, direction of pressure on a surface Pressure variation with depth in a liquid Pascal’s Principle Manometer/piezometer calculations (vertical and inclined) Forces due to fluid pressure on vertical, horizontal and inclined surfaces Centre of pressure Archimedes Principle - buoyance, flotation, apparent weight and centre of buoyancy
54. Fluid flow
Steady and unsteady flow, streamlines and eddies Velocity - average or mean and local Mass and volume flow rate Conservation of mass leading to the Continuity Equation for fluid flow Modification of the Continuity Equation for volume flow of liquids or gases with small changes in density Bernoulli Equation for ideal fluids, meaning of pressure, velocity and potential head. Total head Causes of head loss and modification of the Bernoulli Equation to include a head loss term for real fluids
65. Fluid Power
Definition and units for work, torque and power Relationship between force, velocity and power and torque, angular velocity and power Work done by a gas expanding at constant pressure Relationship between fluid power, mass flow rate and head Relationship between fluid power, volume flow rate and pressure Efficiency of a pump or turbine Modification of the Bernoulli Equation to include a pump or turbine in the fluid circuit as well as a head loss term
76. Forces developed by flowing fluids
Impulse-momentum equation for fluid flow Force developed by a jet striking a stationary plate - perpendicular, inclined or curved Force developed by a jet striking a moving plate or blade Force developed by a jet striking a series of moving plates or blades - power developed and efficiency Forces developed by a fluid flowing in a pipe or duct with changes in direction and/or cross section
9Part Exam  Part Exam
107. Reynold’s Number and Flow Regime
Reynold’s Number for fluid flow in a pipe given the flow rate and fluid properties. Characteristics of laminar, turbulent and mixed (transition) flow. Relationship between Reynold’s Number and flow regime. Upper and Lower Critical Reynold’s Number. Non-circular pipes.
118. Head Loss in Pipes and Fittings
Darcy Equation for head loss in a pipe. Determination of the fraction factor using both Moody Diagram and formula. Head loss through fittings using K factors. Head loss through a piping system consisting of a
single diameter pipe and a number of fittings. System head curve for a piping system consisting of a single diameter pipe and a number of fittings as well as reservoirs or tanks either vented or under pressure
or vacuum.
129. Pipe Networks
Head loss through parallel and series pipes. Reduction of a simple pipe network consisting of a number of parallel or series pipes to an equivalent
single pipe system.
1310. Channel flow
Chezy and Manning formula for flow rate through an open channel.
Flow rate given dimensions and inclination. Optimum shape of section for both fixed and variable
1411. Fluid Machinery
Distinction between the various types of fluid equipment, namely, pumps, compressors, fans, turbines and motors. Positive displacement machines - fixed and variable displacement piston types, vane types, gear and
geroter types, flexible impeller, flexible diaphragm screw, peristaltic.
1512. Pumping Systems
Duty point for a rotodynamic pumping system by combining system head curve with pump performance curve. Flow, head, power and efficiency at the duty point. Energy cost of pumping. Causes and effects of cavitation.
Avoidance of cavitation by attention to inlet system design.
Influence of fluid temperature and pressure on tendency for cavitation.
16 Revision  Laboratory/Assignment Due
17-18Final Exam  Final Exam

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

1. Roger Kinsky, Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics An Introduction

2. Roger Kinsky, Fluid Mechanics Advanced Applications

3. Fundamentals of Thermal-fluid Sciences Y A Cengel, J M Cimbala & R H Turner


A Brief Introduction To Fluid Mechanics, Donald F. Young , Bruce R. Munson , Theodore H. Okiishi , Wade W. Huebsch 5th Edition

Other Resources

Overview of Assessment

Assessment may incorporate a variety of methods including written/oral activities and demonstration of practical skills to the relevant industry standards. Participants are advised that they are likely to be asked to personally demonstrate their assessment activities to their teacher/assessor.

Feeback will be provided throughout the course

 Evidence can be gathered through a variety of ways including:
observation of processes and procedures;
oral and/or written questioning on required knowledge and skills;
testimony from supervisors, colleagues, clients and/or other appropriate
inspection of the final product or outcome;
a portfolio of documentary evidence.

 Graded Assessment out of 100 Marks will be based on the results obtained for Assignments/Practical reports/Unit tests/Exams.

Students must gain pass in all forms of assessment in order to pass the competency.

Assessment Tasks

Assessment for this course is throughout the course delivering and exam period. Your knowledge and understanding of the course content is assessed through completion of four assessment tasks. All the assessment tasks allow you to apply the required knowledge and skills in relation to interpret fluid mechanics manuals and specifications.

The assessment for this subject will consist of:

Assessment 1 Part Exam  Fluid Mechanics Principles 40%

Assesment  2 Final Exam Fluid Mechanics Principles 40% 

Assessment 3 Laboratory work  and/or Assignment 20%

Note: The marks of the assignments towards the final marks of the subject would be considered only if the knowledge displayed in the assignments is reflected in the written tests.  The practical will be graded as pass or fail.

Assessment Matrix

                                          ElementPerformance Criteria                                                                              
Assessment 11-71.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7,2.1, 2.2, 2.3,2.4, 2.5,2.6,3.1,3.2,3.3
Assessment 27-121.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7,2.1, 2.2, 2.3,2.4, 2.5,2.6,3.1,3.2,3.3
Assessment 31-121.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7,2.1, 2.2, 2.3,2.4, 2.5,2.6,3.1,3.2,3.3

Other Information

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Students requiring extensions for 7 calendar days or less (from the original due date) must complete and lodge an Application
for Extension of Submittable Work (7 Calendar Days or less) form and lodge it with the Senior Educator/ Program Manager.
The application must be lodged no later than one working day before the official due date. The student will be notified within
no more than 2 working days of the date of lodgment as to whether the extension has been granted.

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Consideration form under the provisions of the Special Consideration Policy, preferably prior to, but no later than 2 working days
after the official due date.

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