Course Title: Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles in Mechanical Engineering
Part B: Course Detail
Teaching Period: Term1 2012
Course Code: MIET7317
Course Title: Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles in Mechanical Engineering
School: 130T Vocational Engineering
Campus: City Campus
Program: C6069 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology
Course Contact: Program Manager
Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468
Course Contact Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff
Dr. Daniela Achim
Tel No.: +(61 3) 9925 4523
Nominal Hours: 80
Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.
Pre-requisites and Co-requisites
This unit of competency sets out the knowledge and skills required to apply fluid mechanic principles in mechanical engineering. This includes the principles and applications of fluids, fluid components, fluid status, fluid flow, fluid power, and forces developed by flow in fluids. To perform calculations to determine changes, forces etc, fluid flow, head loss in pipes and through open channels, to determine operational aspects of a pump in a system and to describe the basic types of fluid machinery.
No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication. However, practice in this unit is subject to regulations directly related to occupational health and safety and where applicable contracts of training such as apprenticeships and traineeships.
National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria
National Element Code & Title:
VBP266 Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles in Mechanical Engineering
Apply Fluid Mechanic Principles to the solution of Engineering Problems
1.1 OH&S and environmental requirements for a
Identify the application of fluid mechanics to engineering problems.
2.1 OH&S requirements for carrying out the work
Validate and Review the Solution.
3.1 OH&S requirements for completing the work are
Details of Learning Activities
Students will participate in a variety of teaching methods including: lectures, tutorials,practicals, class discussion,
seminar presentations, group/individual work on projects, audio-visual presentations, site visits, and interaction with
individuals and groups within the Fluid Mechanics area.
Week 1: Introduction and Overview of Course
Week 2: Basic properties of fluids
Week 3: Components
Week 4: Fluid Statics
Week 5: Fluid flow
Week 6: Fluid Power
Week 7: Forces developed by flowing fluids
Week 8: Revison
Week 9: Part Exam
Week 10: Reynold’s Number and Flow Regime
Week 11: Head Loss in Pipes and Fittings
Week 12: Pipe Networks
Week 13: Channel flow
Week 14: Fluid Machinery
Week 15: Pumping Systems
Week 16: Revision
Week 17-18: Exam
|1||Introduction and Overview of Course||2,3|
1. Basic properties of fluids.
Description of a fluid and the difference between solids and fluids, liquids and gases, hydraulics and pneumatics; Chemical properties, reaction with metals,
|4||3. Fluid Statics |
Pressure at a point, direction of pressure on a surface Pressure variation with depth in a liquid Pascal’s Principle Manometer/piezometer calculations (vertical and inclined) Forces due to fluid pressure on vertical, horizontal and inclined surfaces Centre of pressure Archimedes Principle - buoyance, flotation, apparent weight and centre of buoyancy
|5||4. Fluid flow |
Steady and unsteady flow, streamlines and eddies Velocity - average or mean and local Mass and volume flow rate Conservation of mass leading to the Continuity Equation for fluid flow Modification of the Continuity Equation for volume flow of liquids or gases with small changes in density Bernoulli Equation for ideal fluids, meaning of pressure, velocity and potential head. Total head Causes of head loss and modification of the Bernoulli Equation to include a head loss term for real fluids
|6||5. Fluid Power |
Definition and units for work, torque and power Relationship between force, velocity and power and torque, angular velocity and power Work done by a gas expanding at constant pressure Relationship between fluid power, mass flow rate and head Relationship between fluid power, volume flow rate and pressure Efficiency of a pump or turbine Modification of the Bernoulli Equation to include a pump or turbine in the fluid circuit as well as a head loss term
|7||6. Forces developed by flowing fluids |
Impulse-momentum equation for fluid flow Force developed by a jet striking a stationary plate - perpendicular, inclined or curved Force developed by a jet striking a moving plate or blade Force developed by a jet striking a series of moving plates or blades - power developed and efficiency Forces developed by a fluid flowing in a pipe or duct with changes in direction and/or cross section
|9||Part Exam||Part Exam|
|10||7. Reynold’s Number and Flow Regime |
Reynold’s Number for fluid flow in a pipe given the flow rate and fluid properties. Characteristics of laminar, turbulent and mixed (transition) flow. Relationship between Reynold’s Number and flow regime. Upper and Lower Critical Reynold’s Number. Non-circular pipes.
|11||8. Head Loss in Pipes and Fittings |
Darcy Equation for head loss in a pipe. Determination of the fraction factor using both Moody Diagram and formula. Head loss through fittings using K factors. Head loss through a piping system consisting of a
single diameter pipe and a number of fittings. System head curve for a piping system consisting of a single diameter pipe and a number of fittings as well as reservoirs or tanks either vented or under pressure
|12||9. Pipe Networks|
Head loss through parallel and series pipes. Reduction of a simple pipe network consisting of a number of parallel or series pipes to an equivalent
single pipe system.
|13||10. Channel flow |
Chezy and Manning formula for flow rate through an open channel.
Flow rate given dimensions and inclination. Optimum shape of section for both fixed and variable
|14||11. Fluid Machinery |
Distinction between the various types of fluid equipment, namely, pumps, compressors, fans, turbines and motors. Positive displacement machines - fixed and variable displacement piston types, vane types, gear and
geroter types, flexible impeller, flexible diaphragm screw, peristaltic.
|15||12. Pumping Systems |
Duty point for a rotodynamic pumping system by combining system head curve with pump performance curve. Flow, head, power and efficiency at the duty point. Energy cost of pumping. Causes and effects of cavitation.
Avoidance of cavitation by attention to inlet system design.
Influence of fluid temperature and pressure on tendency for cavitation.
|17-18||Final Exam||Final Exam|
1. Roger Kinsky, Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics An Introduction
2. Roger Kinsky, Fluid Mechanics Advanced Applications
3. Fundamentals of Thermal-fluid Sciences Y A Cengel, J M Cimbala & R H Turner
A Brief Introduction To Fluid Mechanics, Donald F. Young , Bruce R. Munson , Theodore H. Okiishi , Wade W. Huebsch 5th Edition
Overview of Assessment
Assessment may incorporate a variety of methods including written/oral activities and demonstration of practical skills to the relevant industry standards. Participants are advised that they are likely to be asked to personally demonstrate their assessment activities to their teacher/assessor.
Feeback will be provided throughout the course
Evidence can be gathered through a variety of ways including:
observation of processes and procedures;
oral and/or written questioning on required knowledge and skills;
testimony from supervisors, colleagues, clients and/or other appropriate
inspection of the final product or outcome;
a portfolio of documentary evidence.
Graded Assessment out of 100 Marks will be based on the results obtained for Assignments/Practical reports/Unit tests/Exams.
Students must gain pass in all forms of assessment in order to pass the competency.
Assessment for this course is throughout the course delivering and exam period. Your knowledge and understanding of the course content is assessed through completion of four assessment tasks. All the assessment tasks allow you to apply the required knowledge and skills in relation to interpret fluid mechanics manuals and specifications.
The assessment for this subject will consist of:
Assessment 1 Part Exam Fluid Mechanics Principles 40%
Assesment 2 Final Exam Fluid Mechanics Principles 40%
Assessment 3 Laboratory work and/or Assignment 20%
Note: The marks of the assignments towards the final marks of the subject would be considered only if the knowledge displayed in the assignments is reflected in the written tests. The practical will be graded as pass or fail.
|Assessment 1||1-7||1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7,2.1, 2.2, 2.3,2.4, 2.5,2.6,3.1,3.2,3.3|
|Assessment 2||7-12||1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7,2.1, 2.2, 2.3,2.4, 2.5,2.6,3.1,3.2,3.3|
|Assessment 3||1-12||1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7,2.1, 2.2, 2.3,2.4, 2.5,2.6,3.1,3.2,3.3|
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