Course Title: Perform calculations related to simple fluid systems

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2015

Course Code: CIVE5687

Course Title: Perform calculations related to simple fluid systems

School: 130T Vocational Engineering

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6093 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Design

Course Contact: Program Manager

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Ms. Zhefei (Fifi) Zhao
School of Vocational Engineering (SoVE)
Civil Operations
Tel. + 60 3 9925 4480
Fax. + 61 3 9925 4377


Nominal Hours: 40

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

EDX130B - Use technical mathematics (basic)

Course Description

This unit covers  the skills and  knowledge required to apply knowledge  of the basic properties, principles and applications of fluids, components, fluid statics and fluid flow to calculations on simple fluid systems.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

EAX101B Perform calulations related to simple fluid systems


1. Calculate the basic properties of fluids.

Performance Criteria:


1.1 The basic properties of fluids are understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
1.2 Properties of fluids can be calculated given relevant data and expressed using appropriate units.
1.3 A graph can be drawn showing typical variation of Saturation Vapour Pressure with temperature for a liquid.
1.4 The difference between real and ideal gases and liquids are understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
1.5 The gas laws can be used to calculate property changes to perfect gases.


2. Choose the basic components of a fluid system.

Performance Criteria:


2.1 The application and function of various fluid components are understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
2.2 The factors to be considered when choosing components for a fluid system are understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
2.3 The principles of operation of fluid flow measuring devices are understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.


3. Determine pressures in stationary fluids and buoyancy forces.

Performance Criteria:


3.1 Pascal’s Law and its application to fluids enclosed in various containers is understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
3.2 The variation of pressure with depth can be determined.
3.3 The centre of pressure can be determined and the resultant force calculated on vertical, horizontal and inclined surfaces.
3.4 Pressure readings from manometers and piezometers can be made.
3.5 Archimedes Principle is understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
3.6 The magnitude and location of buoyancy forces can be calculated.




4. Perform calculations for fluid flow through pipes and ducts.

Performance Criteria:


4.1 The difference between steady and unsteady flow is understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
4.2 Stream flow and eddies can be sketched.
4.3 The characteristics of laminar, turbulent and transition (mixed) flow is understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
4.4 The relationship between Reynold’s Number and flow regime can be explained.
4.5 Reynold’s Number is calculated for fluid flow in a circular pipe given pipe diameter, flow rate or velocity and fluid characteristics.
4.6 Calculations are performed for velocity, volume flow rate and mass flow rate of a fluid in pipes with or without branches.
4.7 Conservation of mass as explained by the Continuity Equation is understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
4.8 The various energy components in a fluid system can be related to fluid head and the conservation of energy explained by the Bernoulli equation.
4.9 The Bernoulli equation is used with or without a head loss term to calculate property changes to a fluid flowing from a tank to a pipe or through a tapered or inclined pipe or duct.


5. Determine the head loss in pipes and fittings.

Performance Criteria:


5.1 The D’Arcy Equation is used to calculate head loss in a pipe.
5.2 The friction factor is determined using the Moody Diagram or formula.
5.3 Appropriate K factors are selected.
5.4 Head loss through fittings is calculated.
5.5 Head loss can be calculated through a system consisting of a pipe and a number of fittings.
5.6 The system head equation is determined using a mean value of the friction factor and shown in the form of a parabola.
5.7 The system head curve can be drawn for a single pipe system with a number of fittings and tanks or reservoirs at different levels either vented or under pressure or vacuum


6. Determine the flow rate through an open channel.

Performance Criteria:


6.1 The Chezy or Manning Formula is used to calculate the flow rate through an open channel.
6.2 The optimum shape for an open channel with fixed or variable flow rates can be determined.
6.3 The application & function of notches and weirs in the measurement of channel flow are understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems

Learning Outcomes

Refer to the elements

Details of Learning Activities

You will be involved in the follwing learning activities to meet requirements for this course/program
Hands on Laboratory

Lecturer-led focus lessons, demonstrations, and tutorials will include:
Overview of fluid properties
Review of Pascal’s Laws of Pressure and evidence of their existence
Review of Pressure variation with depth
Hydrostatic pressure calculation on plane and curved surfaces
Description and demonstration of reading of manometers and piezometer
Overview of displacement and buoyancy principles
Review of steady and unsteady flow and flow regimes
Overview and application of the Continuity Equation
Overview and application of the Bernoulli equation
Overview and estimation of local energy losses in pipes
Overview of the Moody Diagram
Determination of head loss through parallel and series pipes
Overview of system head
Chezy and Manning equations and their use in determining flow rate
Review of optimum shapes for rectangular and trapezoidal channel cross sections

The mode of delivery of this course follows the Pearson and Gallagher-Gradual Release of Responsibility teaching and learning model. The objective is to achieve a move from teacher centred to student centred approach to teaching and learning. Student learning activities will include individual and team work solving activities which address the designated areas of underpinning knowledge for each element. A minimum of 30% of the scheduled teaching hours will be allocated to self guided learning activities.

Hence, students will:

Review fluid properties and solve associated problems
Solve problems on pressure variation with depth
Solve problems on hydrostatic pressure on plane and curved surfaces
Combine the continuity concept with Bernoulli in solving pipe flow problems
Derive f factor from Moody diagram and use in D’arcy equation to determine friction loss in pipes.  Use K factors chart in determining loss in fittings.
Determine system head and plot system head curve
Determine flow rates using Chezy and Manning equations

Teaching Schedule

WeekTopics Delivered                                                                                                                                                            Element /
Performance Criteria      
  • Course Introduction
  • Engineering basic concept review (Unit, dimension etc.)
  • Introduction to the fluid mechanics and examples
  • Viscosity
  • Fluid properties
1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 
  • Components of a fluid system
  • Pipe materials
  • Pipe/ joint fittings; Valves
  • Filters and strainers
  • Storage
  • Compressors and actuators
  • Measuring devices
2.1, 2.2, 2.3
  • Fluid statics
  • Pascal’s law
  • Describing pressure
  • Absolute pressure, Gage pressure and Vacuum pressure
  • Measure pressure
  • Calculating pressure changes
  • Forces on submerged surfaces
  • Calculating Buoyancy Forces

         Online Quiz, 20% (Due on Week 4)

3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 3.4, 3.5, 3.6
  • Types of  flow
  • Reynolds number
  • Velocity and discharge (or flow rate)3
  • Continuity of flow
  • The Bernoulli equation.
4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.4, 4.5, 4.6, 4.7, 4.8, 4.9
  • Fluid flow losses
  • Pipe friction
  • Losses in fittings and valves
  • System head. 
5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 5.5, 5.6, 5.7
  • Channel flow
  • The nature of channel flow
  • Flow equations and charts
  • Partial flow
  • Maximum discharge
  • Flow measurement. 

         Assignment 1, 30% (Due on Week 7)

6.1, 6.2, 6.3
  • Exam, 50% (Due on Week 8)

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

National Engineering Module EA706 - Fluid Mechanics 1.


Will be advised by instructor

Other Resources

Online Resources on the Blackboard

Overview of Assessment

Assessment are conducted in both theoretical and practical aspects of the course according to the performance criteria set out in the National Training Package. Students are required to undertake summative assessments that bring together knowledge and skills. To successfully complete this course you will be required to demonstrate competency in each assessment tasks detailed under the Assessment Task Section.

Your assessment for this course will be marked using the following table:

NYC (<50%) Not Yet Competent

CAG (50-59%) Competent - Pass

CC (60-69%) Competent - Credit

CDI (70-79%) Competent - Distinction

CHD (80-100%) Competent - High Distinction



Assessment Tasks

Assessment of this unit will involve completion of:

  • Online Quiz, 20% (Due on Week 4)
  • Assignment 1, 30% (Due on Week 7)
  • Exam, 50% (Due on Week 8)

In order to achieve competency in this course, students will need to demonstrate competency in each element (i.e. students will need to demonstrate at least basic understanding of fundamental concepts and the ability to solve the relevant problems). The exam are closed book. Formula sheet is provided by the instructor. Only scientific calculators are allowed. No aide memoire (i.e. cheat sheet) is permitted. To ensure that the competency standards are being met, throughout the semester, student progress will be closely monitored.

Assessment Matrix


  EAX101B Elements & Performance Criteria


Online Quiz


































Assignment 1 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x xxxxxxxxxxx
Exam xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

Other Information

  • Student directed hours involve completing activities such as reading online resources, project work, individual student-teacher course-related consultation. Students are required to self-study the learning materials and complete the assigned out of class activities for the scheduled non-teaching hours. The estimated time is 12 hours outside the class time.

Credit Transfer and/or Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):

You may be eligible for credit towards courses in your program if you have already met the learning/competency outcomes through previous learning and/or industry experience. To be eligible for credit towards a course, you must demonstrate that you have already completed learning and/or gained industry experience that is:
• Relevant
• Current
• Satisfies the learning/competency outcomes of the course
Please refer to to find more information about credit transfer and RPL.

Study and Learning Support:

The Study and Learning Centre (SLC) provides free learning and academic development advice to all RMIT students.
Services offered by SLC to support numeracy and literacy skills are:

* Assignment writing, thesis writing and study skills advice
* Maths and science developmental support and advice
* English language development

Please refer to find more information

Disability Liaison Unit:

If you have a disability or long-term medical condition you should contact the DLU to seek advice and support.

Please refer to to find more information about their services

Late submission:

If you require an extension for 7 calendar days or less (from the original due date) you must complete and lodge an Application for Extension of Submittable Work (7 Calendar Days or less) form and lodge it with the Senior Educator/ Program Manager.
The application must be lodged no later than one working day before the official due date. You will be notified within no more than 2 working days of the date of lodgment as to whether the extension has been granted.

If you require an extension of more than 7 calendar days (from the original due date) you must lodge an Application for Special Consideration form under the provisions of the Special Consideration Policy, preferably prior to, but no later than 2 working days after the official due date.

Assignments submitted late without approval of an extension will not be accepted nor marked.

Special consideration:

Please refer to


Plagiarism is a form of cheating and it is a very serious academic offence that may lead to expulsion from the University.

Please refer to to find more information.

Other Information:

All email communications will be sent to your RMIT email address and it is recommended that you check it regularly.

Course Overview: Access Course Overview