Course Title: Administer pain control for dental treatment

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2015

Course Code: DENT5801

Course Title: Administer pain control for dental treatment

School: 155T Vocational Health and Sciences

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6119 - Advanced Diploma of Oral Health (Dental Hygiene)

Course Contact: Sue Fatone

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 93411406

Course Contact Email: sue.fatone@rmit.edu.au


Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Teacher: Marcella Sabo

marcello.sabo@rmit.edu.au

Tel:9341 1409

Nominal Hours: 60

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

This unit should be assessed after achievement of the following related competency units:
• TAFEDH032 - Confirm physical health status
• TAFEDH003 - Analyse oral status
• TAFEDH005 – Examine, record and assess patient histories and dental records to formulate a hygiene treatment plan

 

Course Description

This unit deals with the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to administer general non-pharmacological pain control strategies, as well as local aesthetics on prescription, for the purpose of reducing pain and anxiety associated with dental treatment.
 


National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

TAFEDH004 Administer pain control for dental treatment

Element:

1. Analyse the anatomy of the head and neck

Performance Criteria:

1.1 Identify the major bone structures and landmarks of the head and neck
1.2 Analyse the facial and masticatory muscles to interpret their origin, insertion and action
1.3 Interpret the anatomy and movement of the temporomandibular joint

Element:

2. Analyse and interpret the spread of dental infection in the head and neck tissues

Performance Criteria:

2.1 Identify the arterial blood supply and venous drainage of the head and neck tissues with particular reference to the oral tissues
2.2 Identify and interpret the lymphatic system and drainage of head and neck tissues
2.3 Analyse and interpret lesions and complications that can occur with the spread of dental infection in the head and neck region

Element:

3. Analyse, interpret and apply nerve innervation to the head and neck
 

Performance Criteria:

3.1 Identify and interpret cranial nerve pathways and innervation with particular reference to oral tissues
3.2 Recognise and interpret the innervation of the trigeminal and facial nerve in the application of generalised and local pain control

Element:

4. Prepare surgery

Performance Criteria:

4.1 Equipment, materials and instruments reasonably expected to be required for the patient’s treatment are gathered and arranged
4.2 Prepare surgery according to relevant policies and manufacturer’s recommendations
4.3 Materials required are dispensed according to quality and medical standards
4.4 Safety precautions during the preparation and presentation of the surgery are followed

Element:

5. Prepare, assess and inform patient

Performance Criteria:

5.1 Patient’s medical history and records are reviewed to eliminate any contraindications to proposed pain control modalities and to confirm treatment prescriptions and necessity for pain control strategies
5.2 Analyse and identify possible complications with localised anaesthesia for pain control considering oral and anatomical structures of the head and neck
5.3 Patient’s treatment plan and records are reviewed to determine and confirm the area of the mouth requiring treatment
5.4 The nature and severity of disease activity is reviewed,
along with the patient’s past responses and attitudes to pain associated with dental treatment
5.5 Patient’s perceptions and requests are validated and supportive strategies are employed to provide reassurance

5.6 The patient is provided with an explanation of pain control options and outcomes, which include both clinical and behavioural techniques, to be provided with the opportunity of making an informed decision based on personal choices
5.7 Adhering to the principles of Informed Consent, the patient is informed of possible negative outcomes resulting from any planned pain control strategies. Consent is confirmed with the patient
5.8 The patient is provided with the opportunity to ask questions concerning aspects of the planned treatment and any concerns are addressed
5.9 An environment is established whereby, the patient is aware of the provision of an ongoing opportunity to signal pain sensations as a means of monitoring effectiveness of pain control strategies
5.10 The area of the mouth to be treated is thoroughly
examined in order to confirm treatment and pain control
prescription

Element:

6. Utilise non-pharmacological pain control strategies

Performance Criteria:

6.1 Engage positive and supportive conversation skills
6.2 Communicate appropriately to eradicate anxiety provoking language as a method of reducing pain
6.3 A care plan is devised to suit the patient’s pain tolerance
level
6.4 A detailed account of the procedures to be carried out are explained and demonstrated to the patient, and possible sensations are clearly identified
6.5 Pain indication through a patient’s verbal or non-verbal responses is acknowledged and addressed immediately
6.6 Suitable distractions are to encourage patient relaxation
6.7 Where appropriate, modelling is used to promote patient acceptance of treatment
6.8 Patient is encouraged to contribute control over the planned sequence of treatment, as a method of reducing anxiety associated with dental pain
6.9 All non-pharmacological pain control strategies are carried out according to occupational health, safety and welfare guidelines and infection control policy and procedures

Element:

7. Select and administer local anesthetics

Performance Criteria:

7.1 Equipment, materials and instruments reasonably
expected to be required for the administration of local
anaesthesia, are gathered and arranged within the treatment cubicle
7.2 Topical anaesthetic is used, according to relevant guidelines, in localised gingival/mucosal tissue to control discomfort
7.3 Correct anaesthetic solution is selected according to patient’s medical history and this is confirmed through consultation with the dentist and is maintained at room temperature
7.4 Anaesthetic solution is administered to patient for the purpose of periodontal treatment according to relevant guidelines
7.5 Administration of local anaesthetics are carried out according to occupational health, safety and welfare guidelines and infection control policy and procedures


Learning Outcomes


This unit will enable students to gain the knowledge, skills and attitudes required to administer general non-pharmacological pain control strategies, as well as local aesthetics on prescription, for the purpose of reducing pain and anxiety associated with dental treatment.


Details of Learning Activities

Activities will include lectures, classroom activities, online learning, pre clinical and clinical work.


Teaching Schedule

DateTopicAssessment
July 24thOnline, review anatomy of head and neck, considerations 
29thTheory class, neurophysiology 
August 3rdOnline research task, Pharmacology of LA/vasoconstrictors clinical actions of specific agents 
17thOnline research task, The armamentarium and preparation 
26thTheory class, Techniques of regional anaesthesia 
September 11thOnline research task, Complications 
16thPre clinical tutorial, prepare surgery, assess & inform patient 
17thPatient clinic administer pain control, student to student rotation Group A am, Group B pm 
21st Task 1 exam
22ndPatient clinic administer pain control.student to student rotation. Group B am Group A pm 
24thPatient clinic administer pain control, student to student rotation Group A am, Group B pm 
October 8thPatient clinic administer pain control, student to student rotation. Group B am Group A pm 
15thPatient clinic administer pain control 4 patients 
22ndPatient clinic administer pain control 4 patients 
29th Task 2 Practical clinical assessment
November 5th
 
 Task 3 exam


Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

A complete book list will be provided during Orientation and is available on Blackboard


References


Other Resources

A range of additional resources and references will be provided through My Studies on Blackboard


Overview of Assessment

Assessment for this unit will include written exam and practical clinical tasks


Assessment Tasks

There are three tasks for this course

Task 1 written exam 21st September

Task 2 Clinical assessment 29th October

Task 3 Written exam 5th November


Assessment Matrix

Available on Blackboard

Other Information

Late work that is submitted without an application for an extension (see below) will not be corrected.

• APPLICATION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME FOR SUBMISSION OF ASSESSABLE WORK - A student may apply for an extension of up to 7 days from the original due date. They must lodge the application form (available www1.rmit.edu.au/students/assessment/extension) at least 24 hours before the due date. The application is lodged with the School Admin Office on Level 3 of Dental Hospital. Students requiring longer extensions must apply for SPECIAL CONSIDERATION.

• For missed assessments such as exams- you (& your doctor if you are sick) must fill out a special consideration form. This form must be lodged online with supporting evidence prior to, or within, 48 hours of the scheduled time of examination www1.rmit.edu.au/students/specialconsideration
Note: The Pass mark for the exam is 60%.
Students are required to achieve a Pass grade in both exam and clinical tasks to achieve Competence for this course
 

Course Overview: Access Course Overview