Course Title: Provide myofascial dry needling treatment

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term1 2021

Course Code: COTH5012

Course Title: Provide myofascial dry needling treatment

School: 174T School of VE Engineering, Health & Science

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6159 - Advanced Diploma of Myotherapy

Course Contact: Laura Yeomans

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4289

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

John Bogle

Kesh Bassi


Nominal Hours: 60

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites


Course Description

This unit describes the skills and knowledge required to administer myofascial dry needling treatment.

No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

VU21879 Provide myofascial dry needling treatment


1 Apply the central principles and practices of myofascial dry needling treatment.

Performance Criteria:

1.1 Myofascial dry needling treatment principles and role of therapy and the therapist are specified to the client 1.2 Myofascial dry needling treatment principles and practices are evaluated in relation to the client's health conditions 1.3 Recent developments and current best practices principles are integrated into the treatment 1.4 Measures to reduce risk, improve safety and enhance treatment outcomes are employed by the therapist


2 Work within clinic and regulation guidelines.

Performance Criteria:

2 Work within clinic and regulation guidelines. 2.1 Clinic's guidelines and relevant legal and regulatory requirements for myofascial dry needling treatment are identified and adhered to 2.2 All relevant documentation is sourced and organised to communicate the key regulatory requirements to other relevant work personnel 2.3 A strategy/response to a range of given clinical scenarios is developed to ensure that appropriate guidelines are followed 2.4 Clinical guidelines are developed to ensure skills and practices are periodically reviewed & maintained 2.5 Personal hygiene and infection control guidelines are established and practised 2.6 Informed consent is sought from the client before commencing myofascial dry needling treatment


3 Assess the client to determine if myofascial dry needling is indicated

Performance Criteria:

3.1 The client's history is collected to accurately describe and determine the condition 3.2 An objective examination is conducted to assess function & dysfunction and reproduce presenting symptoms 3.3 Myofascial trigger points are accurately palpated relevant to the presenting condition/symptoms 3.4 The need to apply myofascial dry needling to improve the client's condition is determined


4 Perform myofascial dry needling

Performance Criteria:

4 Perform myofascial dry needling 4.1 The work environment is correctly prepared to conduct myofascial trigger point needling 4.2 Required resources are organised for effective treatment 4.3 Needles, cotton buds, biowaste and sharp's disposal units are placed correctly 4.4 Myofascial dry needling is performed with the correct clinical procedures to ensure treatment goals are achieved 4.5 Best practice checks and balances are utilised to ensure client safety 4.6 Clinical guidelines for correct administration of myofascial dry needling are adhered to 4.7 Effectiveness of the myofascial dry needling in treating the client's condition is evaluated

Learning Outcomes

See Elements of competency above 

Details of Learning Activities

All class learning materials, notes and other key learning resources can be accessed via myRMIT at 

A combination of activities will support student’s learning in this course, such as:
• Face-to-face &/or online lectures to cover theoretical and practical concepts for each topic in the course
• Students will learn to apply their skills and knowledge to work integrated learning (WIL) in the student & clinical practice environment, during simulations and classroom based learning
• Work experience &/or placements observation of performance in the workplace will be a valuable part of your learning experience
• Tutorial activities (individually and in teams) to discuss, debate, critique and consolidate your ideas and extend your understanding around key concepts within specific topics
• Online discussions and activities to support and collaborate with other students in your course and debate and discuss ideas
• Utilise and develop critical research and cognitive skills to find credible sources of health information
• Self-directed study time (eg. readings or activities around theory) to enhance and strengthen your knowledge and understanding of theoretical concepts
• To further facilitate learning students are strongly encouraged to use a range of communication tools between themselves and their course instructor as well as between themselves and fellow students by using the online learning platform
• It is strongly recommended that students partner up with fellow students in order to practice assessment, treatment and palpation techniques

Teaching Schedule

Myofascial Dry Needling


      Class topics and Assessments

Week 1

Orientation: Subject guide discussed

MDN and Acupuncture explained legal and ethical considerations

Week 2

Pain Physiology, Trigger Point and Dermatome Theory

Dermatome Needling: Upper and Lower limb

Week 3

MDN: Tibialis Anterior and Gastrocnemius

Week 4 

MDN: Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis and Vastus Lateralis, TFL

Week 5

MDN: Biceps Femoris, Semimembranosus, Semitendinosus, Soleus and Peroneals

Week 6

MDN: Gluteus Medius, Piriformis, Gluteus Maximus

Week 7

MDN: Adductor Longus, Adductor Magnus

Week 8 

MDN: Quadratus Lumborum and Erector Spinae Group

Week 9

MDN: Rhomboids, Levator Scapulae, Upper Trapezius, Deltoids

Class Treatment Record to be submitted via turnitin


Mid Semester Break

Week 10

Assessment Revision in Ax Rx

Week 10

Practical Case Study 1 – Lower Body 

Week 11

Scientific Evidence: 

Facilitation and MDN of Upper Trapezius, Lower Trapezius, Teres Minor, Multifidus

Week 12

MDN: Splenius Capitus & Cervicis, Semispinalis, Supraspinatus

Week 13

MDN: Teres Major, Infraspinatus, Triceps, Biceps

Week 14

MDN: Brachioradialis, ECRL, ECRB, ECU and Supinator

Week 15

MDN: FCR, FCU, Flexor Digitorum and Pronator Teres

Week 15

Myo AxRx GHJ Case Study Assessment – Scapulo-thoracic MDN component

Week 16

MDN: SCM, Masseter and Temporalis

Week 17

Assessment Revision in Ax Rx

Week 17

Practical Case Study 2 – Upper Body 

Week 18

Assessment Resits 

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts


• Travell, JG Simons, DG & Simons, PT 1999, Myofascial pain and dysfunction. The trigger point manual. Vol 2, 2nd edn, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.

• Butler, D & Moseley, L, 2003, Explain Pain, NOIGROIP, Adelaide, Australia.

• Travell, JG Simons, DG & Simons, PT 1999, Myofascial pain and dysfunction. The trigger point manual. Vol 1, 2nd edn, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore

Other Resources

Recommended Texts.

  • Travell, JG Simons, DG & Simons, PT 1999, Myofascial  pain and dysfunction. The trigger point manual. Vol 1, 2nd edn, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.
  • Travell, JG Simons, DG & Simons, PT 1999, Myofascial  pain and dysfunction. The trigger point manual. Vol 2, 2nd edn, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore.
  • Butler, D & Moseley, L, 2003, Explain Pain, NOIGROIP, Adelaide, Australia.

Overview of Assessment

To be deemed competent you must demonstrate an understanding of all aspects required of the competency. Assessment methods have been designed to measure your achievement of each competency in a flexible manner over multiple tasks.


Assessment 1: Clinic Observation Skills Checklist    

Assessment 2: Practical Assessments - Case Studies

Assessment 3:  Class Treatment Record

Assessment 4: Myofascial Dry Needling Assignment

Assessment 5:  Practical Assessment 


Assessment Tasks

  1. Clinic Observation Skills Checklist

There are a number of tasks to be completed within the Myotherapy student clinic by your last shift in the student clinic to demonstrate your practical application in a clinical setting.    


  1. Practical Assessments

These tasks are a practical assessment of your trigger point needling skills and knowledge. 

            2.1        Practical Case Study test 1 – Lower Body                   

            2.2        Practical Case Study test 2 – Upper Body                      


  1. Class Treatment Record

During all MDN classes you will be required to fill in a treatment record sheet. On this document you will gain written consent from your partner in each class and fill out the treatment performed. You must have evidence of 10 different treatments, under supervision in MDN or AxRx class, recorded in this document. This must be submitted via turnitin before you are able to complete your first practical assessment.                                                                                               


  1. Myofascial Dry Needling Assignment

See assessment tool on Canvas for details of this assessment.                             


  1. MyoAxRx Practical Assessment 3 – MDN component

Part of the practical assessment for this unit will occur in your MyoAxRx GHJ case study assessment. You will use the skills and knowledge acquired in MDN to treat scapulohumeral rhythm after assessing your partner with the skills and knowledge learnt in MyoAxRx.                 


Course guides for Semester 1, 2021 were finalised and published before the semester started with all the teaching, learning and assessment information current at that time. Please note that some course guides may have small differences between Part A and Part B because of necessary changes (related to COVID-19) made to Part B during the semester.

Assessment Matrix

Other Information

Important information regarding Assessment Tasks:


Each individual assessment may only be resubmitted once. 

Resubmissions are not automatic and will only be approved at the discretion of the Program Coordinator, after consultation with the teacher.

All students will be contacted with 7 days by their course coordinator in regards to  resubmission completion dates.


Please note an opportunity to repeat clinical placement is not guaranteed and will be at the discretion of the Clinical Coordinator/Program Manager.



If due to illness or other unforeseen circumstance, you are unable to attend on the due date of an assessment (e.g. test, examination, oral, etc.) OR you do attend, but your performance has been affected, you may submit an APPLICATION FOR SPECIAL CONSIDERATION within 5 working days of the due date. If Special Consideration is granted, you will be given the opportunity to complete/repeat the assessment task at a later date. For advice on this application please visit or speak to your Program Coordinator.
If due to illness or other unforeseen circumstance, you are unable to submit by the due date (e.g. assignment, report, project etc.):
you may submit an APPLICATION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME FOR SUBMISSION OF ASSESSABLE WORK for an extension of time of up to seven (7) calendar days or less. This must be lodged with the Program Coordinator 1 working day before the original due date. If granted, you will have the opportunity to submit up to 7 days later than the original due date. For advice on this application please visit or speak to your Program Coordinator.

Where an extension of greater than seven days is needed, you must apply for SPECIAL CONSIDERATION. 

If you require further information please contact your teacher or Program Coordinator.


Academic Integrity and Plagiarism

RMIT has a strict policy on plagiarism and academic integrity. Please refer to

Course Overview: Access Course Overview