Course Title: Apply first aid

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2013

Course Code: OHTH5654C

Course Title: Apply first aid

School: 155T Life & Physical Sciences

Campus: City Campus

Program: C5246 - Diploma of Nursing (Enrolled/Division 2 nursing)

Course Contact : Carylin Lenehan

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4837

Course Contact

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

City Campus:

Bundoora Campus:

Nominal Hours: 18

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

Not Applicable

Course Description

This course includes the skills and knowledge required to provide first aid response, life support, management of casualty(s), the incident and other first aiders, until the arrival of medical or other assistance

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

HLTFA301C Apply first aid


1) Introduction to First Aid

2) Medical Emergencies

3) Trauma Emergencies


Performance Criteria:

1.1 Identify assess and minimise hazards in the situation that may pose a risk of injury or illness to self and others
1.2 Minimise immediate risk to self and casualty's health and safety by controlling any hazard in accordance with work health and safety requirements
1.3 Assess casualty and identify injuries, illnesses and conditions

2.1 Adopt a communication style to match the casualty’s level of consciousness
2.2 Use available resources and equipment to make the casualty as comfortable as possible
2.3 Respond to the casualty in a culturally aware, sensitive and respectful manner
2.4 Determine and explain relevant first aid procedures to provide comfort
2.5 Seek consent from casualty prior to applying first aid management
2.6 Provide first aid management in accordance with established first aid principles and procedures
2.7 Seek first aid assistance from others in a timely manner and as appropriate
2.8 Correctly operate first aid equipment for first aid management according to manufacturer/supplier’s instructions and procedures
2.9 Use safe manual handling techniques
2.10 Monitor casualty's condition and respond in accordance with established first aid principles and procedures
2.11 Finalise casualty management according to casualty’s needs and first aid principles

3.1 Request ambulance support and/or appropriate medical assistance according to relevant circumstance
3.2 Accurately convey observation of casualty’s condition and management activities to ambulance services / relieving personnel
3.3 Accurately assess and report details of casualty’s physical condition, changes in conditions, management and response to management in line with established procedures
3.4 Maintain confidentiality of records and information in line with privacy principles and statutory and/or organisation policies

4.1 Seek feedback from appropriate clinical expert
4.2 Recognise the possible psychological impacts on rescuers involved in critical incidents
4.3 Participate in debriefing/evaluation to improve future response and address individual needs

Learning Outcomes

Learning outcomes
• Assess the situation
• Apply first aid procedures
• Communicate details of the incident
• Evaluate own performance

Details of Learning Activities

• Facilitated classroom discussion
• Small group work
• Teacher demonstration

Teaching Schedule

Lesson 1:   Introduction to First Aid

• Define and discuss the legal parameters of first aid, including duty of care, negligence, consent & documentation
• Define & discuss infection control strategies
• Identify & discuss first aid equipment
• Describe how to respond including primary and secondary surveys, & responding to emergencies at RMIT
• Describe ARG (2010) for BLS, including management of airway obstruction, and cardiac arrest

Lesson 2: Medical Emergencies
• Discuss/Describe the signs/symptoms & management of neurological, respiratory, cardiac and diabetic emergencies

Lesson 3:  Trauma Emergencies
• Discuss/Describe the signs/symptoms & management of
- Bleeding & Shock
- Head Injuries (concussion)
- Fractures
- Burns
- Poisons (ingested, bites & stings)

Laboratory 1: Responding to Emergencies

• Review the theory of responding to emergencies
• Students to demonstrate primary and secondary survey for an unconscious patient
• Students to demonstrate management of bites, bleeding & fractures

Laboratory 2:  Responding to Emergencies

• Review theory of basic life support
• Students to demonstrate basic life support on an adult, child & infant
• Students to discuss/demonstrate the management of airway emergencies

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

No prescribed text for this course


Recommended Reading:
• Haines, J Emergency First Aid 10/11th edn

Other Resources

All classroom powerpoints will be posted on student Blackboard

Overview of Assessment

Online Examination
Practical Assessment – Adult Basic Life Support

Assessment Tasks

All assessment tasks will be discussed on first day of course and all assessment expectations explained

Assessment Matrix

Deemed Competent or Not Yet Competent in all assessment tasks

Other Information

Essential knowledge:
The candidate must be able to demonstrate essential knowledge required to effectively do the task outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage the task and manage contingencies in the context of the identified work role
This includes a demonstrated understanding of:
• Awareness of stress management techniques and available support
• First aid management, based on a risk assessment relevant to the workplace or community setting of:
• abdominal injuries
• allergic reactions
• altered and loss of consciousness
• asthma
• anaphylaxis
• bleeding
• burns – thermal, chemical, friction, electrical
• cardiac arrest
• chest pain
• choking/airway obstruction
• drowning
• envenomation – snake, spider, insect and marine bites and stings
• environmental impact such as hypothermia, hyperthermia, dehydration, heat stroke
• injuries- cold and crush injuries; eye and ear injuries; head, neck and spinal injuries; minor skin injuries; needle stick injuries; soft tissue injuries including sprains, strains, dislocations, fractures
• medical conditions, including cardiac conditions, epilepsy, diabetes, asthma and other respiratory conditions
• poisoning and toxic substances (including chemical contamination)
• respiratory distress
• seizures
• shock
• stroke
• substance misuse – common drugs and alcohol, including illicit drugs
• unconsciousness, not breathing or not breathing normally
• Guidelines for provision of first aid as outlined in Australian Resuscitation Council (ARC) Guidelines and guidelines of Australian national peak clinical bodies and State / Territory legislation and regulations
• Social / legal issues including:
• duty of care
• confidentiality
• importance of debriefing
• need to be culturally aware, sensitive and respectful
• own skills and limitations
• Understanding of:
• basic work health and safety requirements in the provision of first aid
• basic principles and concepts underlying the practice of first aid
• chain of survival
• infection control principles and procedures, including use of standard precautions
• priorities of management in first aid when dealing with life threatening conditions
• procedures for dealing with major and minor injury and illness
• Understanding of the use of an Automated External Defibrillator (AED), including when to use and when not to
• Understanding the causes of asphyxia due to body position

Essential skills:
It is critical that the candidate demonstrate the ability to effectively do the task outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage the task and manage contingencies in the context of the identified work role
This includes the ability to:
• Apply first aid principles
• Call an ambulance and/or medical assistance according to relevant circumstances and report casualty(s) condition
• Communicate effectively and assertively in an incident
• Conduct an initial casualty assessment
• Management of:
• Anaphylaxis using adrenalin auto-injector
• Avoiding asphyxia due to body position
• Bronchospasm using bronchodilator and spacer device
• Cardiac arrest using single rescuer procedure, including the demonstration of a seamless changeover between operators
• External haemorrhage
• Fractures, sprains and strains using arm slings, roller bandages and other appropriate immobilisation techniques
• Unconscious casualty including using a recovery position
• Demonstrate:
• ability to call an ambulance
• consideration of the welfare of the casualty
• safe manual handling
• site management to prevent further injury
• understanding of causes contributing to asphyxia due to body position
• Demonstrate correct procedures for performing CPR using a manikin, including standard precautions (i.e. as per unit HLTCPR211A Perform CPR)
• Demonstrate infection control, including use of standard precautions
• Evaluate own response and identify appropriate improvements where required
• Follow State and Territory work health and safety legislative requirements
• Make prompt and appropriate decisions relating to managing an incident in the workplace
• Plan an appropriate first aid response in line with established first aid principles, ARC Guidelines and guidelines of Australian national peak clinical bodies, industry standards and State / Territory legislation and regulations and respond to contingencies in line with own skills
• Prepare a written incident report or provide information to enable preparation of an incident report
• Provide assistance with self-medication as per subject’s own medication regime and/or administer medication in line with State/Territory legislation and regulations, organisation policies and any available medical/pharmaceutical instructions
• Unpack, activate and follow prompts of an AED

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