Course Title: Context and Practice of Translation 1A (English into LOTE) Japanese

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2010

Course Code: LANG5431

Course Title: Context and Practice of Translation 1A (English into LOTE) Japanese

School: 365T Global Studies, Soc Sci & Plng

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6067 - Advanced Diploma of Translating and Interpreting

Course Contact : Miranda Lai

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 992523523

Course Contact

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Ms. Atsuko Arao

Nominal Hours: 80

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

Course Description

This course aims to provide students with the skills and knowledge in written transfer, the primary competency of the Professional Translator, and the ability to apply relevant theoretical framework and contextual knowledge required of the particular assignment.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

VBN927 Context and Practice of Translation 1A (English into LOTE) Japanese

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this module you will be expected to be able to: 

  1. Translate passages that embody a reasonable level of linguistic and conceptual difficulty from English into LOTE, exhibiting appropriate use of transfer skills and achieving acceptable meaning-based renderings. Produce renderings in the Target Language that are appropriate to the context of the text in lexis, idiom, register, collocation, style, etc. 
  2. Examine in depth a range of institutional and professional contexts in which interpreting and translating take place as professional activities, and apply related concepts and vocabulary within more complex translation practice. 
  3. Translate passages under formal NAATI conditions.

Details of Learning Activities

What opportunities does the course provide for me to learn? What will I be expected to do?

In small groups you will develop the skills and knowledge to perform complex translation tasks. In particular, the instruction will aim to assist you to:
• Undertake translation tasks from English into the LOTE, involving a range of ancillary skills as incorporated into aspects of textual analysis: context, idiom, collocation, register, stylistics, etc.
• Use monolingual and bilingual dictionaries, glossaries, thesauri and other appropriate databases used by professional translators in an appropriate manner.
• Compile monolingual and bilingual glossaries and databases in line with Australian and international professional practices.
• Develop appropriate translation techniques, such as transference, cultural equivalence, functional equivalence, transposition and ability to evaluate the merits and demerits of such techniques.
• Link translation practice to the theoretical frameworks studied in Theoretical Bases of Interpreting & Translating, and to the ethical, professional and role aspects studied in Ethics and Professional Practice of Interpreting & Translating.
• Understand and apply the meaning-based approach to translation.
• Produce highly accurate translations containing no major errors, particularly those that extend beyond the word / phrase level and lead a student into making subsequent significant errors of cause / effect, etc.
• Produce complete translations (no ‘censoring’, summarising or providing extraneous information).
• Make appropriate choice of vocabulary, particularly medium- and high-frequency vocabulary.
• Ensure correct spelling, punctuation and capitalisation, and where applicable, correct formation of script or ideographs.
• Choose appropriate register.
• Transfer lines of cohesion (causes and effects, and inter-relationships between elements) and maintain the logical order of the original argument.
• Demonstrate proficiency in grammar of both languages and general absence of systemic grammar errors that permeate the entire translation (eg in English, consistently choosing inappropriate tenses, singular/plural, articles, etc).
• Recognise and understand idioms in the source language and apply appropriate strategies to translate idioms.
• Avoid non-idiomatic language, particularly where it would impede understanding of the target text.
• Avoid collocational errors, including use of inappropriate collocations from the source language (eg when translating into English, choosing the source-language collocation ‘hard money’ in¬stead of the English word ‘coins’).
• Deal proficiently with problems at and above the word level in the source text.
• Proofread to eliminate errors such as missed words or phrases.
• Use translator’s notes appropriately (i.e. neither under-used nor over-used, and clearly identified as translator’s notes in one of the commonly accepted ways)
• Use available resources, including the Internet, to research contextual issues relevant to translation projects.

You will also need to devote 2 hours per week of your own time on assignments / tasks allocated by your teacher and bring them back to class for discussion and feedback.

Teaching Schedule

WEEK 1Context & Practice of Translating 1B
(English into LOTE)
WEEK 2Orientation/Introduction to Course
WEEK 3Welfare/Social Issues/Education
WEEK 4 Welfare/Social Issues/Education
WEEK 5Health/Medical
WEEK 6Health/Medical
WEEK 7Immigration
WEEK 8 LO1: Contextual Exercise
Semester Break Semester Break
WEEK 9Environment /Science & Technology
WEEK 10Environment /Science & Technology
WEEK 11LO2: Practice Exam
Australian Issues/Politics/Industrial Relations
WEEK 12Australian Issues/Politics/Industrial Relations
WEEK 13Review LO2
WEEK 14Business/Trade/Finance/Insurance
WEEK 15Law
WEEK 16Review & Consolidation
Exam Period Commences
WEEK 17Exam Period
WEEK 18 Exam Period

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts


Baker, M., In Other Words: A Coursebook on Translation, Routledge, London, 1999.

Other Resources

What will I need access to for this course?

Learning materials will largely be generated by the teachers involving a range of written materials (from the press, Internet, media and government publications, etc.) as the module is specifically targeted to developing practical translation skills appropriate to NAATI professional practice.

Overview of Assessment

Three Learning Outcome tasks. 

Assessment Tasks

Assessment Task 1

  • Application of contextual knowledge to a translation text: A short class presentation on a translated text, identifying contextual factors and their role in the translation process.
  • Weighting  - 25%
  • Timing - During the semester as notified by the teacher.

Assessment  Task 2

  • Class test: Reflecting NAATI formal exam conditions, translate two out of three passages embodying a reasonable degree of difficulty from English into LOTE.
  • Weighting - 25%
  • Timing - During the semester as notified by the teacher.

Assessment Task 3

  • Formal examination. Translate two out of three passages embodying a reasonable degree of difficulty from English into LOTE under NAATI exam conditions.
  • Weighting - 50%
  • During the University’s formal examination period immediately following the end of semester

An initial learning outcome relates to contextual issues and will be assessed through a home translation task and class presentation involving analysis and assessing the extent to which contextual factors affected the translation process.
Your translation skills will be assessed by tests that reflect the conditions of NAATI accreditation testing; i.e. the translation of two 250-word or equivalent passages out of three on two different topics from English into the LOTE, appropriate to practice at the NAATI Professional level. The first of these will be carried out as a class test while the second will take the form of a simulated NAATI accreditation test conducted under examination conditions.
To be deemed competent in this module you must demonstrate competency in all three learning outcomes.

Assessment Matrix

Other Information

A Pass requires:

35 / 50 for each passage (min. of 32.5 per passage)
70/100 for both Passages
70% overall [ for passages 1 & 2 ] with no single passage below 32.5/50

Primary Reason for Failure

Lack of proficiency in English
Lack of proficiency in LOTE
Lack of translating skills

Reason for Poor Performance:

1. Accuracy

Significant ommissions
Significant mistranslations
Significant unjustified insertions
Failure to complete passage

2. Resources of Language - Comprehension of Original

Misunderstanding vocabulary
Misunderstanding grammatical features
Misunderstanding sentence structures

3. Resources of Language - Expression of Translation

Inappropriate / inexaxt wrod choices
Grammatical errors
Inappropriate / awkard sentence structures
Non idiomatic usage
Spelling errors
Errors of punctuation / capital letters

4. Technique

Translated too literally in some segments
Translated too freely
Excessive and / or incorrect paraphrasing


What do I do if I need help in this course?

You are advised to contact your teacher as soon as any difficulties arise. The Course Coordinator is available for academic advice and support. Once the issue has been identified, the course coordinator, in consultation with your teacher and yourself, will put in place an individual study plan. This might include supplementary assessment, consultation during the conduct of assessment or granting an extension. Where these measures are inadequate, the Course Coordinator may refer you to University student support services such as student counselling or the Learning Skills Unit.

How can I have my relevant previous study or work/life experience assessed as a way of gaining credit in this course?

Recognition of Prior Learning means recognition of competencies currently held, regardless of how, when or where the learning occurred. This includes any combination of formal or informal training and education, work experience or general life experience.
For RPL to be granted, the applicant must provide evidence that he/she:
• has attained the competencies described in the modules that are being claimed
• possesses current competency in the modules that are being claimed, including underpinning skills and knowledge
• has applied the relevant modules in a context that is applicable to this qualification.
Contact the Course Coordinator for further advice about applying for RPL and suitable evidence requirements.

What are my responsibilities in undertaking this course?

All students are expected to attend classes regularly and complete all set learning and assessment tasks. You are encouraged to seek support in relation to any difficulties you may have at the program level via the Course Coordinator. Students are expected to act as professionals in the learning environment, a critical capability expected of graduates in their employment.

Special Consideration

You may apply for Special Consideration by using the RMIT Application form for Special Consideration, which is available from the GSSSP. The application, with relevant documentation, must be lodged with the School office prior to or within 48 hours of the commencement of the assessment task in question. Applications for special consideration are considered by the Examiners’ Board. Final decisions rest with the Head of School in consultation with the Course Coordinator.


You are reminded that cheating, whether by fabrication, falsification of data, or plagiarism, is an offence subject to University disciplinary procedures. Plagiarism in oral, written or visual presentations is the presentation of the work, idea, or creation of another person, without appropriate referencing as though it is one’s own. Plagiarism is not acceptable. The use of another person’s work or ideas must be acknowledged. Failure to do so may result in charges of academic misconduct, which carry a range of penalties including cancellation of result and exclusion from your course.
You are responsible for ensuring that your work is kept in a secure place. It is also a disciplinary offence for you to allow your work to be plagiarised by another student. You should be aware of all rights and responsibilities regarding the use of copyright material.


How can I let my teacher know about my experience of this course?

You may discuss this with your teacher at a mutually convenient time. The GSSSP distributes confidential course assessment forms at the end of each semester for students to complete. These are analysed and action is taken to remedy defects in teaching or course administration as required. The Portfolio also conducts student experience and satisfaction surveys during semester.

Course Overview: Access Course Overview