Equal employment opportunity policy
Intent and objectives
To provide an environment at RMIT that promotes equal opportunity and prevents unlawful discrimination. To ensure that all staff and students are educated in the prevention of unlawful discrimination, and to recognise the behaviours that may constitute unlawful discrimination.
- To prevent unlawful discrimination on the basis of the attributes and areas listed under both State and Federal anti-discrimination legislation and Fair Work Act 2009
- To convey clearly to persons covered by the scope of this policy that any behaviour which may constitute unlawful discrimination will not be tolerated in any form at RMIT University
- To provide persons covered by the scope of this policy with a healthy and safe environment for work and study that is free from behaviours, practices and processes that may constitute discrimination
- To acknowledge that persons covered by the scope of this policy are to be informed of this policy and have access to the information and training needed to prevent discrimination and to address any incidences of discrimination that may occur
- To outline the responsibilities of managers and supervisors
- To encourage the early reporting of any allegations of discrimination
- To support any staff member or student who experiences unlawful discrimination whilst on placement, including providing assistance making use of any internal procedures in place at the site or in accessing external agencies
- To ensure that complaints will be dealt with in a sensitive, equitable, fair, timely and confidential manner, which ensures that persons against whom complaints have been made are accorded natural justice through the use of procedures that are impartial, open and fair to all parties.
- To ensure as far as is practicable that persons making complaints are protected from victimisation or reprisals for reporting the discrimination to the University.
This policy is applicable to all staff members, contractors, service providers, clients, customers, visitors and students when they are engaged in University activities and is applicable at all RMIT locations whether in Australia or overseas.
Unlawful discrimination is unacceptable and will not be tolerated by RMIT in any circumstances.
Unlawful discrimination involves treating a person with an attribute less favourably, in the same or similar circumstances, than another person.
It is unlawful to discriminate on the basis of the following attributes (characteristics):
- Breast feeding
- Employment activity
- Gender identity
- Industrial activity
- Lawful sexual activity
- Marital status
- Parental status or status as a carer
- Physical features
- Political belief or activity
- Religious belief or activity
- Sexual orientation
- Personal association with a person who is identified by reference to any of the above attributes.
Direct discrimination occurs when a person is disadvantaged or treated less favourably than someone else because of a protected attribute. Direct discrimination can occur regardless of the discriminator’s motive and whether or not he or she is aware of the discrimination or considers the treatment less favourable.
Indirect discrimination occurs when a practice or policy appears to be fair because it treats everyone in the same way, but in effect it disadvantages a higher proportion of people possessing the attribute and is not reasonable in the circumstances.
RMIT aims to integrate training on equality of opportunity and the promotion of a diverse community into all levels of training, including induction, training for supervisors and management training programs and to integrate information and training into key student activities during Orientation, enrolment and at other times of the academic year.
RMIT acknowledges that all students and staff are to be informed of what constitutes unacceptable behaviour. Further, it acknowledges that all managers and supervisors are to be informed of their responsibility for ensuring the maintenance of proper standards of conduct within the university context.
The following principles will guide RMIT University in promoting equality of opportunity and dealing with unlawful discrimination:
- Respect for, and dignified and courteous treatment of all staff, students and all persons who deal with RMIT.
- RMIT will support any staff member or student who experiences discrimination whilst on placement including providing assistance in making use of any internal procedures in place at the site or in accessing external forums.
- Complaints will be dealt with in a sensitive, impartial, timely and confidential manner, which ensures that persons against whom complaints have been made are accorded natural justice through the use of procedures that are impartial and open.
- RMIT will ensure, as far as is practicable, that persons making complaints are protected against victimisation and reprisals.
- RMIT will actively encourage the reporting of behaviour that breaches this policy.
Activities to be undertaken in support of this policy
RMIT will undertake activities in support of this policy including but not limited to:
- Prevention, training and educational activities to be undertaken, including publication of resource materials and provision of an accessible on-line training program
- Identifying the resources necessary for the prevention of unlawful discrimination and promoting the benefits of diversity
- Research activities
- Evaluation and review activities
RMIT will ensure that the promotion of the prevention of unlawful discrimination is recognised as key organisational goal and a prime management responsibility.
Responsibilities of management, staff and students
RMIT has a legal responsibility to prevent discrimination otherwise it can be held liable for the behaviour of its employees and in some instances, its students. All persons covered by the scope of this policy are required to:
- Comply with this policy
- Behave appropriately
- Promote a climate of mutual respect
- Maintain confidentiality concerning any complaint or investigation.
Managers are accountable for the conduct of people they manage at RMIT.
It is integral to a manager’s responsibilities that they identify, prevent and redress potential problems in the workplace or in the study environment before these become the subject of complaints. Therefore, any manager, academic or teaching staff member who observes inappropriate behaviour has a duty to raise it with the person so behaving and to take further action if the behaviour does not cease. This duty exists even in the absence of a complaint.
Staff members with managerial or supervisory responsibility or both are required to:
- Role model appropriate behaviour which promotes the principles of this policy
- Monitor the working and studying environment to ensure that acceptable standards of conduct are maintained at all times and to take action if they observe unacceptable conduct.
- Take appropriate steps according to this policy to prevent a discriminatory culture from developing at RMIT.
- Promote this policy within their sphere of influence and to ensure that all persons have an understanding of the policy and its requirements.
- Be open to participating in discussions and negotiations that will prevent discrimination issues in the workplace. This is particularly relevant where issues of potential indirect unlawful discrimination are identified.
- Ensure that persons covered by the scope of this policy are aware of RMIT’s commitment to assist them should they experience discrimination on placement.
- Ensure that students and staff on placement are provided with adequate information about the policies and practices in existence at that site.
- Encourage staff members to use the services of the University’s Employee Assistance Program (EAP) to discuss their concerns and to manage the pressures of working life.
- Manage complaints of discrimination in a timely, confidential and fair manner ensuring due process.
- Attempt to resolve any complaint of discrimination at the local level, whenever possible.
How to deal with breaches of this policy
Any complaints made by staff members under this policy will be dealt with via the Staff complaints procedure.
Any complaints made by students under this policy will be dealt with via the Student complaints procedure.
If a serious breach of this policy by a customer, contractor, service provider or visitor, while engaging with University staff or students, is confirmed, appropriate action must be taken in accordance with the relevant Service Contract or Agreement with the University.
All reports of this type of behaviour will be treated seriously and administered through the relevant complaints handling procedure (Staff complaints procedure or the Student complaints procedure).
RMIT will not tolerate victimisation and may take disciplinary action in response to any victimisation.
RMIT University will ensure, as far as is practicable, that persons covered by the scope of this policy are not victimised or penalised for reporting alleged unreasonable behaviour at the University. Any person who is found to have victimised the person who has made or intends to make a complaint, or to have victimised a witness or associate of the person who has made, or intends to make a complaint, will be subject to the consequences of breaching this policy.
Consequences for breaching this policy
RMIT will treat all allegations of unlawful discrimination seriously and impartially. The consequences will depend on the seriousness of the case. Outcomes may include, but are not restricted to the following:
- Gaining a commitment from one or more persons to cease, and not to repeat, the behaviour.
- Making an apology to the affected person or persons.
- Providing mediation between the parties, if both parties agree to mediation process and to the mediator.
- Providing targeted training regarding prevention of unacceptable workplace behaviours.
- Offering support to the person making the complaint.
- Offering support to the person against whom the complaint is made.
- Disciplinary action
- Dismissal, suspension or expulsion, against the person found responsible for race discrimination or vilification where serious or repeated misconduct relating to discrimination and vilification has been proven
- Disciplinary action, up to and including dismissal, suspension or expulsion, against the person making a complaint of discrimination if, after investigation, the complaint is found to have been malicious or vexatious.
Disciplinary action may be taken against anyone who retaliates against a person who has made a complaint.[Next: Supporting documents and information]