Course Title: Recognise and respond to oral health issues

Part A: Course Overview

Program: C5365 Diploma of Nursing

Course Title: Recognise and respond to oral health issues

Portfolio: SEH Portfolio Office

Nominal Hours: 30

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.


Course Code




Learning Mode

Teaching Period(s)


City Campus


174T School of VE Engineering, Health & Science

Face-to-Face or Internet or Workplace

Term1 2018,
Term2 2018,
Term1 2019,
Term2 2019


Bundoora Campus


174T School of VE Engineering, Health & Science


Term1 2018,
Term2 2018,
Term1 2019,
Term2 2019

Course Contact: Annelize Grech

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468

Course Contact Email:

Course Description

 This unit describes the skills and knowledge required to identify variations and recognise oral health issues through a visual check, observation of patient behaviour and habits, signs and symptoms and physical condition of patients. This enables the candidate to respond appropriately to the clinical findings to initiate follow up oral health care.


This unit applies to workers in a range of health and community services environments where their work role requires them to recognise and respond to oral health issues.


The skills in this unit must be applied in accordance with Commonwealth and State/Territory legislation, Australian/New Zealand standards for maintaining infection control, and industry codes of practice.

Pre-requisite Courses and Assumed Knowledge and Capabilities

There are no pre-requisites for this course.

National Competency Codes and Titles

National Element Code & Title:

HLTOHC001 Recognise and respond to oral health issues


1. Identify variations in patient behaviour and habits

2. Undertake basic visual oral check and questioning

3. Follow up and promote ongoing oral health care

Learning Outcomes

1. Minimise potential risk to ensure safe administration of medications.

1.1 Refer to drugs and poisons schedules and classifications as determined by law.

1.2 Identify the purpose and function of prescribed medicine and intravenous (IV) therapy.

1.3 Identify pharmacology and substance incompatibilities in relation to specific situations involving medication administration, blood and blood products.


2. Prepare for medication administration and infusion of IV fluids.

2.1 Explain the process of medication administration or IV fluid infusion to the person, and ensure their readiness and understanding.

2.2 Identify correct administration route or site for each medication or IV fluid to be administered, and position the person appropriately.

2.3 Consider the effect of commonly used medications and IV fluids on the body before medication administration and IV infusion.

2.4 Calculate accurate dosages and IV infusion rates for administration of drugs.

2.5 Prepare medications in accordance with legislative and jurisdictional requirements and organisation policy and procedures.

2.6 Identify medication administration techniques and precautions specific to the person’s situation and as per medication orders.

2.7 Prepare blood and blood products for blood transfusions according to organisation policy and procedures.


3. Administer and store medication.

3.1 Administer medication or IV fluid to the person applying the ‘Rights of Medication’ concept and in accordance with the jurisdictional and legislative requirements and organisation policy and procedures.

3.2 Secure medications in a safe manner during medication administration.

3.3 Apply quality practices in management and use of medications, and undertake risk assessment practices that relate to medication administration.

3.4 Report to the registered nurse a person’s refusal of medication or IV therapy or suspected incomplete medication ingestion.

3.5 Ensure medication and blood and blood products are stored, handled and disposed of according to organisation policy and procedures and manufacturers’ instructions.


4. Monitor and evaluate a person’s response to administered medication, IV fluids and blood and blood products.

4.1 Document and monitor observations of the person’s response and whether intended outcome of administered medications, IV fluids and blood and blood products is achieved.

4.2 Recognise, record and report acute and delayed adverse reactions of the person to medications, and implement emergency actions within own role responsibility.

4.3 Record, report and evaluate fluid and electrolyte imbalances, and monitor the effect on the person of medicines commonly administered with IV fluids.

4.4 Remove IV cannula according to organisation policy and procedures

4.5 Provide educative information to the person, their family or carer concerning the administration of medicines including possible side effects.


5. Assess effectiveness of pain-relieving therapy.

5.1 Observe and question the person to identify signs of pain or discomfort.

5.2 Clarify the location and nature of pain or discomfort, taking into account factors that may influence the person’s perception of pain.

5.3 Ensure consistency in interpreting observations and evaluating the person’s pain using the pain assessment scale.

5.4 Identify a range of prescribed medications and complementary strategies that may assist in alleviating pain and discomfort.

5.5 Assess and manage effectiveness of pain-relieving medication and non-medication therapies for the person experiencing pain.

5.6 Record observations of the person and own evaluation the effectiveness of pain management strategies.

Overview of Assessment

The candidate must show evidence of the ability to complete tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage

tasks and manage contingencies in the context of the job role. There must be evidence that the candidate has:performed a visual oral health check on 5 patients, including:

  • identified any signs and symptoms related to oral health care issues
  • gathered relevant information from visual check and questioning to initiate appropriate follow up oral health care
  • used appropriate manual handling techniques when working with patients with special care needs or mental health condition



Assessment: Task 1

Case studies

Assessment: Task 2

Practical Simulation in RMIT clinical lab

Assessment: Task 3

Clinical placement


To be deemed competent you must demonstrate an understanding of all aspects required of the competency. Assessment methods have been designed to measure your achievement of each competency in a flexible manner over multiple tasks.