Course Title: Design pavements

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2015

Course Code: CIVE5694

Course Title: Design pavements

School: 130T Vocational Engineering

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6093 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Design

Course Contact: Program Manager

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Dr. A R M Muniruzzaman
School of Vocational Engineering (SoVE)
Civil Engineering
Tel: (03) 9925 4415
Fax: (03) 9925 4189

Nominal Hours: 20

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

EAC120B Test and evaluate soils
EDX010B Communicate and apply standard industry procedures and policies in an engineering design office

Course Description

This unit of competency deals with the skills and knowledge required to determine and select the most economical pavement thickness and composition to provide a satisfactory level of service for conventional road traffic, in accordance with the Austroads Pavement Design Guide methodology and the application of local research and investigations.


National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

EAC070B Design pavements


01. Apply understanding of the various types of flexible and rigid pavements.

Performance Criteria:

1.1 Classification and characteristics of different flexible and rigid pavements.
1.2  Application of flexible and rigid pavements.
1.3 Pavement profiles.


02. Apply knowledge of pavement materials and their characteristics.

Performance Criteria:

2.1 Application of pavement materials.
2.2 Characteristics of Pavement materials.


03. Estimate the design California Bearing Ratio (CBR).

Performance Criteria:

3.1 CBR test
3.2 Significance of CBR test
3.3 Application of CBR test


04. Compute the design traffic value for a pavement.

Performance Criteria:

4.1 Traffic data analysis               



05. Determine the total thickness of a new flexible pavement.

Performance Criteria:

5.1 Design of flexible pavement (step by step procedure).


06. Determine the total thickness of a rigid pavement.

Performance Criteria:

6.1 Design of rigid pavement (step by step method)


07. Determine the appropriate thickness of an asphalt or granular layer to improve the service performance of an existing pavement.

Performance Criteria:

7.1 Performance analysis of flexible and rigid pavement.


08. Perform an economic comparison of alternative pavement types.

Performance Criteria:

8.1 Cost-effectiveness analysis of pavements.


09. Determine pavement performance and condition.

Performance Criteria:

9.1 Review and analyse the efficacy of flexible and rigid pavement.


10. Review pavement design software.

Performance Criteria:

10.1 All data, assumptions and calculations including diagrams are written up in a short
technical report.

Learning Outcomes


Details of Learning Activities

Learning Activities
You will be involved in the following learning activities to meet requirements for this course.
• Lectures/Tutorials
• Practicals/Discussions
• Journals/Research Work/Team Work
• Presentations
• Self-Directed Learning
• Site Visit/Excursion/Guest Speaker (TBA)

Teacher-led activities:
Face to face lectures for each element covering fundamental knowledge of Pavement design, including workplace secenarios through
refernece materials such as videos and reports from relevant organisations.

Student based problem solving and directed study:
Participate in individual and team problem solving activities and directed study which includes research on specific topics. 

Engineering employment requires the capacity to work effectively in teams, to communicate effectively in both oral and writing and to learn effectively. In order to prepare students for employment as graduates they will be provided a quality assured teaching and learning environment which is conductive to the development of adult learning. Adult learning is characterised by the students accepting responsibility for their own learning and actively participating in the learning process as individuals and as contributors to the teams. Adult learning is the hallmark of a professional. The specific responsibilities as adult learners in respect of this subject are:
. to be aware of and to observe the regulations related to plagiarism
. to submit (on time) all work for assessment as required
. to complete all pre-reading and preparatory work prior to the class for which it will be used
. to effectively use the academic staff resources provided (consultation time, tutors, e- mail etc)
. to participate as an effective and honest member of a learning team
. to contribute effectively to a group of peers in a climate of mutual respect and to question each other and the academic staff when uncertain

Effective Communication: Presentation of subject material in the most up to date manner. Assessment by way of exams and laboratory reports
Creative: Planning & organising activities Collecting, analysing & organising information.
Ethical responsibilities: Introducing Engineers Australia Code of Ethics Observing legislation and statutory requirements. Identifying plagiarism attempts
Team work Appropriate personnel to be consulted to ensure the work is co-ordinated effectively with others involved on the module activities Team approach in collating and evaluating results of research or testing procedures undertaken
Long-life learners: Encourage self-study through curiosity Some percentage of assessment will test these skills
Professional Attitudes Presenting professional image Communication, class participation and performance.

Teaching Schedule

sWeek Topics  Delivered                                                                                                                                                      

Resources and Activities                                                                            

Element / Performance criteria Assessment Task
10 Terminology related to Australian Standard Road and Traffic Engineering Terms

Road classes, elements, and components:- Flexible pavement Rigid pavement
• Urban roads – cross section, drainage
• Rural roads – cross section, drainage
• Definition of road classes

Class notes will be provided

Presentation and video on Terminology related to Australian Standard Road and Traffic Engineering Terms

1.1, 1.2, 1.3  
11 Sub-grade and pavement materials:- Unbound granular
Characteristics Material types for each category

Behaviour characteristics for each category under load Distress mode for each category under load

Input design parameters applicable to each load Modulus Poisson’s ratio.

Flexural strength and compressive strength

Performance criteria for each category

Class notes will be provided

Presentation and video on Sub-grade and pavement materials:- Unbound granular


2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4


Sub-grade and pavement materials:- Unbound granular
• Strength evaluation of the supporting sub-grade
• Design moisture content
• California Bearing Ration (CBR) – field and laboratory testing
• Estimated equilibrium CBR
• Design CBR – new road reconstruction and re-sheeting
• Modulus of sub-grade reaction

Sub-grade and pavement materials:- Cemented and Asphalt

Class notes will be provided

Presentation and video on Sub-grade and pavement materials:- Unbound granular- Soil

Class notes will be 2.2 The behaviour characteristics under traffic loads for each material category are understood and inform design decisions.

2.5, 3.1, 3.2, 3.3, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4

13 Sub-grade and pavement materials-Cement concrete and Compute the design traffic value for a pavement

Standard axle loads
Number of equivalent standard axles (ESA)
Design lanes
Design period
Traffic growth
Calculation of design traffic for flexible pavements containing one
or more bound layers
Calculation of design traffic for flexible pavements consisting of
unbound granular materials and overlays for flexible pavement
Calculation of design traffic for rigid pavement.
Modified design traffic – initial and terminal roughness.

Class notes will be provided

Presentation and video on Sub-grade and pavement materials:- Unbound granular ( Cemented and Asphalt Material)

Example on calculation of design traffic

2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 4.1 Project
14 Structural design:- New flexible pavement -Empirical procedure

Production and use of design charts

Example on calculation of flexible pavement design using –empirical procedure.


5.1 Project
15 Structural design:- New flexible pavement Mechanistic procedure Example on calculation of flexible pavement design using –Mechanistic Procedure 5.2, 5.3, 5.4,7.1, 7.2, 7.3 Project
16 Structural design:- Rigid pavement
Pavement elements
• Pavement types – concrete, sub-grades, sub bases
• Thickness design
• Design input factors
• Strength of sub-grade/sub base
• Concrete strength
• Fatigue resistance
• Traffic estimation
• Load safety factors
• Steel reinforcement
• Joints
• Joint sealants
• Joint layout
Example on calculation of rigid pavement design 6.1, 6.2 Project
17 Structural design:- Overlays and
Comparison of designs

Pavement testing
Deflection testing
Selection of test site
Test modes
Measurement of pavement temperature
Pavement evaluation
Test section
Characteristic site temperature
Adjustment characteristic deflection and curvature
Design traffic
Design deflection and curvature
Determination of pavement needs
Selection of thickness – granular overlay, asphalt overlay
Characteristic deflection exceeds the design deflection
Characteristic deflection less than the design deflection
Adjustment of overlay thickness for locality temperature

Method for economic comparison
Construction costs
Maintenance costs
Salvage value
Real discount rate analysis period
Road user costs

Review pavement design software.

Example on overlay design and comparison of design 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 8.1, 9.1, 9.2, 10.1 Project
18 Test   1.1,1.2,1.3,2.1,2.2,2.3,2.4,2.5,3.1,3.2,3.3, 4.1, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.4, 6.1, 6.2, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 8.1, 9.1, 9.2  

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

Austroad Manual on Pavement design and notes on blackboard


Other Resources


Overview of Assessment

Assessment are conducted in both theoretical and practical aspects of the course according to the performance criteria set out in the National Training Package. Students are required to undertake summative assessments that bring together knowledge and skills. To successfully complete this course you will be required to demonstrate competency in each assessment tasks detailed under the Assessment Task Section.

Your assessment for this course will be marked using the following table:

NYC (<50%) Not Yet Competent

CAG (50-59%) Competent - Pass

CC (60-69%) Competent - Credit

CDI (70-79%) Competent - Distinction

CHD (80-100%) Competent - High Distinction

Assessment Tasks

The assessment is conducted in both theoretical and practical aspects of the course according to the performance criteria set in the National Training Package.
Assessment may incorporate a variety of methods including written/oral activities and demonstration of practical skills to the relevant industry standards.
Participants are advised that they are likely to be asked to personally demonstrate their assessment activities to their teacher/assessor.
Feedback will be provided throughout the course. To successfully complete this course you will be required to demonstrate competency in each assessment task detailed under Assessment Tasks section of Course Guide Part B.

Project: Group presentation on detailed study of various types of modern pavements - design and construction techniques, construction materials, economic and environmental impacts.
Exam: covers contents from Week 10 through to 17.

Student has also to show an understanding of Occupational Health and Safety to an extent indicated by the following aspects:
• basic legal requirements covering occupational health and safety in the workplace
• the requirements for personal safety in the workplace
• identifying potential workplace hazards and suggested measures for accident prevention
• working safely with electrical tools or equipment

Assessment requirements also include:

- attendance and satisfactory completion of prescribed practical exercises ,
- Evidence of participation in and satisfactory completion of work simulation projects.

-satisfactory completion of class assignment work
-timely submission and standard presentation for all assessment material / documentation.

Assessment Matrix

 Assessments vs EAC070B Elements & Performance Criteria

Assessment Task Element of competencies Weighting
Project 1.1,1.2,1.3,2.1,2.2,2.3,2.4,2.5,3.1,3.2,3.3,5.1,5.2,5.3,5.4,7.1,7.2,7.3, 6.1,6.2,7.1,7.2,7.3 30 %
Exam 1.1,1.2,1.3,2.1,2.2,2.3,2.4,2.5,3.1,3.2,3.3, 4.1,5.1,5.2,5.3,5.4,7.1,7.2,7.3, 6.1,6.2,7.1,7.2,7.3,8.1,9.1,9.2 70 %



       CIVE5694 Elements & Performance Criteria


1.1 1.2 1.3 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 3.1 3.2 3.3  4.1 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 6.1 6.2 7.1 7.2 7.3 8.1 9.1 9.2 10.1
Project x x x x x x x x x x x    x  x  x  x  x  x  x  x          
Exam  x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x  

Other Information

Student directed hours involve completing activities such as reading online resources, assignments, individual student-teacher course-related consultation. Students are required to self-study the learning materials and complete the assigned out of class activities. The estimated time is minimum 20 hours outside the class time.

Credit Transfer and/or Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):

You may be eligible for credit towards courses in your program if you have already met the learning/competency outcomes through previous learning and/or industry experience. To be eligible for credit towards a course, you must demonstrate that you have already completed learning and/or gained industry experience that is:

• Relevant
• Current
• Satisfies the learning/competency outcomes of the course

Please refer to to find more information about credit transfer and RPL.

Study and Learning Support:

Study and Learning Centre (SLC) provides free learning and academic development advice to you. Services offered by SLC to support your numeracy and literacy skills are:

• Assignment writing, thesis writing and study skills advice
• Maths and science developmental support and advice
• English language development

Please refer to to find more information about Study and Learning Support.

Disability Liaison Unit:

If you are suffering from long-term medical condition or disability, you should contact Disability Liaison Unit to seek advice and support to complete your studies.

Please refer to to find more information about services offered by Disability Liaison Unit.

Late Submission:

If you require an Extension of Submittable Work (assignments, reports or project work etc.) for seven calendar days or less (from the original due date) and have valid reasons, you must complete an Application for Extension of Submittable Work (7 Calendar Days or less) form and lodge it with the Senior Educator/ Program Manager.

The application must be lodged no later than one working day before the official due date. You will be notified within no more than two working days of the date of lodgement as to whether the extension has been granted.

If you seek an Extension of Submittable Work for more than seven calendar days (from the original due date), you must lodge an Application for Special Consideration form under the provisions of the Special Consideration Policy, preferably prior to, but no later than two working days after the official due date.

Submittable Work (assignments, reports or project work etc.) submitted late without approval of an extension will not be accepted or marked.

Special Consideration:

Please refer to to find more information about special consideration.


Plagiarism is a form of cheating and it is very serious academic offence that may lead to expulsion from the university.

Please refer to to find more information about plagiarism.

Email Communication:

All email communications will be sent to your RMIT email address and you must regularly check your RMIT emails.

Course Overview: Access Course Overview