Course Title: Apply chemical knowledge and laboratory practices in the workplace

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term1 2011

Course Code: ONPS5215

Course Title: Apply chemical knowledge and laboratory practices in the workplace

School: 155T Vocational Health and Sciences

Campus: City Campus

Program: C5184 - Diploma of Food Science & Technology

Course Contact: Andrew Andrews

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 99254543

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Nominal Hours: 60

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

There are none.

Course Description

This unit covers the skills and knowledge required to apply chemical principles related to food and food processing.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

VBP036 Apply chemical knowledge and laboratory practices in the workplace


1. Work safely with common chemicals

Performance Criteria:

1.1 All standard hazard warnings and safety signs commonly found in a laboratory are interpreted and acted upon.
1.2 Commonly used chemicals are classified into their hazard classes.
1.3 Chemical materials are stored, used and disposed of according to enterprise procedures and O.H & S.
1.4 Relevant safety precautions, and PPE, for using laboratory equipment or handling hazardous chemical materials are identified and followed.

1.5 Incident and emergency procedures as appropriate to chemical accidents are followed, using emergency equipment according to enterprise procedures.


2. Identify and safely use laboratory equipment.

Performance Criteria:

2.1 Selected laboratory glassware and simple laboratory equipment are recognised.
2.2 Selected laboratory glassware and simple laboratory equipment are used in accordance with given standard
operating procedures.
2.3 Appropriate techniques for the cleaning and storage of laboratory glassware and equipment are demonstrated.

2.4 Accuracy of laboratory glassware is checked.


3. Perform investigative activities in relation to common chemical and physical phenomena.

Performance Criteria:

3.1 Simple controlled experiments are designed and set up to: 
distinguish a pure substance from a mixture , separate mixtures , distinguish between chemical and physical changes  and classify pure substances according to their chemical & physical properties
3.2 Appropriate laboratory balance for a range of tasks is selected and used.
3.3 Moisture contents of common food substances using selected techniques are determined.


4. Recognise systematic names and formulae for inorganic and organic compounds.

Performance Criteria:

4.1 Correct chemical nomenclature for inorganic and organic compounds is applied.
4.2 Correct chemical names and formulae of a specified range of commonly used inorganic substances are identified.
4.3 Distinction between organic and inorganic substances is recognised.
4.4 The IUPAC name of a range of simple organic compounds is determined.
4.5 Structural and empirical formulae of common chemical compounds are illustrated.


5. Identify a range of chemical reactions.

Performance Criteria:

5.1 Simple chemical equations are written and balanced.
5.2 Selection of commonly occurring natural and chemical systems related to food and the food industry are identified.
5.3 Typical industrial processes are interpreted using equilibrium principles.


6. Obtain and prepare representative samples according to standard operating procedures.

Performance Criteria:

6.1 Appropriate sampling techniques are identified.
6.2 Sampling equipment is selected and prepared.
6.3 Representative samples and sub samples are obtained safely.
6.4 Test samples are accurately labeled, logged and prepared.


7. Conduct volumetric and gravimetric analyses.

Performance Criteria:

7.1 Appropriate terminology for the laboratory activities is used.
7.2 Relevant standard methods for solution preparation are identified and applied.
7.3 An appropriate indicator for titrimetric analysis is selected.
7.4 Routine gravimetric and volumetric procedures and calculations are performed.


8. Record, interpret, analyze and report laboratory data.

Performance Criteria:

8.1 Data is entered into laboratory information system or record sheets.
8.2 Data in tables and charts is presented accurately.
8.3 Calculations are performed for specified analytical procedures using appropriate units.
8. Record, interpret, analyze and report laboratory data.
8.4 Obvious features and trends in data are recognised and reported in an appropriate format.

Learning Outcomes

This is a competency based program

Details of Learning Activities


  Students will study the course by attending lectures and laboratory sessions and are expected to participate by taking part in class discussion and activities. where possible real world  examples from food industry will be given to understand the theoretical concepts.Competency based assessment: students of this course will be provided with more than one opportunity to demonstrate their competence for the course elements. 

Teaching Schedule

    • Weekly Schedule -Semester 1&2 2011
      Week beginning and Topic coveredTheory (2hours)Practical work or Theory (2hours)Assessment And Tutorial Tasks

      Week 1

      28th March Course Introduction Topic 1 Properties of Matter



      Overview of Course

      Classification and Properties of Matter

      Laboratory safety/ discussion / and equipment

      Laboratory Safety Classes of Dangerous Goods Material Safety Data sheets 

      All about me Handout

      Week 2

      4th April Topic 2 Atomic Structure


      Structure of atoms.

      • Particle theory of matter
      • Daltons Atomic Theory
      • Characteristics of Atoms
      • Elements/Compounds
      • Relative abundancy
      • Electronic configuration

       Practical Lab Work

      Laboratory measurements

      • Significant figures
      • Volumetric glassware
      • Balances
       Tasks 1-3Class Activity Sheets to be filled in class 

       Week 3

      11th April

      Topic 3 Periodic Table

      Topic 4 Chemical Bonding 

       Periodic Table

      • Patterns in properties
      • Periods /groups
      • Position of Hydrogen etc.

       Chemical Bonding

      • Strong Bonds
        • Ionic bonds

       Practical Lab work

      Recrystallisation of Benzoic acid from mixture

       Task 2-4 Class activity sheets to be filled in class

      Task 3 Laboratory Practical Work

      Log books to be collected in week 5 for assessment

       Week 4

      18th April

      Topic 4

      Chemical Bonding

       Chemical Bonding

      • Writing formulae
      • Use of Electrovalency table
      • Covalent Bonding
      • Metallic bonding

       Practical Lab work

      Use of Manual Pipettes

       Task 4 -class activity sheets to be filled in class

      Task 5 Laboratory Practical work

      Log books to be collected in week 7 for assessment

       Mid Semester Break (21st April - 28th April inclusive)  

       Week 5

      2nd May

      Topic 5



       Chemical Reactions

      • Writing and Balancing equations
      •  Types of Chemical Reactions
      • Oxidation Numbers
      • Balancing Redox reactions
       Practical assessment on use of manual pipettes

       Task 5-Problem sheet involving writing and balancing equations.

      Due week 7(16th May)

      Task 6:Formal report on Recrystallisation of Benzoic acid.

      Due week 8(23rd May)

       Week 6

      9th May Topic 6 Mole concept

      Topic 7


       Mole Concept

      • Amount of substance
      • Relative atomic mass
      • Relative molecular mass


      • Solutions
      • Equvalent concentrations

       Practical Lab work

      Determination of moisture content


      Task 7

       Class activity sheets to be filled in class

       Week 7

      16th May

      Topic 8



      • Use of stoichiometric equations

       Practical Lab Work

      Estimation of salt in a soup extract

       Task 8

      Assignment handed out: Problem solving exercises and/or internet realated topic

      Due week 12(11th July)

       Week 8

      23rd May Topic 8


      Topic 9

      Acids and Bases


       Stoichiometry: further use of stoichiometry equations

      Acids and Bases

      • Lowry Bronstedt theory
      • Acid Base strength
      • Measurement of strength

       Practical Lab work

      Preparation of standard solution


      pH determination

       Task 9

      Class activity sheets to be completed

      Log books to be collected and assessed in week 11

       Week 9

      30th May

       Revision and Semester 1 Test (Test 1 2hr written test (topics 1-8 inclusive)  

       Week 10

      6th June


      Acids & Bases

      Topic 10


      Gravimetric analysis

       Acids and Bases

      • pH
      • pH calculations
      • Concentration of acids

      Gravimetric analysis

      • Limiting and excess reactant
      • application of stoichiometry to mass-mass(gravimetric analysis)

       Week 11

      13th June

      Topic 11


      Volumetric analysis



       Volumetric analysis


      • Primary standard
      • Titrations
      • End point/ Equivalence point
      • Indicators


       No Laboratory

      Queens birthday

       Task 12

      Class activity sheets to be completed

       End of Semester 1 Student Vacation (June 20th -July 4th )  

       Week 12

      11th July

      Topic 12



       Analytical Analysis

      • Identification of chemicals
      • Qualitative/quantitative analysis
      • Spectrophotometry
      • Chromatography

       Practical Lab Work

      Chromatography of Smarties

       Task 13

      Formal Report

      Chromatography of smarties

      Due week 15

      (1st August)

       Week 13

      18th July

      The Gas Laws

       The Kinetic Molecular theory

      The Gas Laws

      The general Gas Equation

       Application of  Kinetic Molecular Theory



      Gas Laws

      • Boyles law
      • Charles law
      • Guy-Lussac law
      • Molar volume
      • PV =nRT
      • Daltons law
      • Reacting quantities

       Task 14

      Activity sheet 1

      Problems on Gas laws

      (Due 1st August)

       Week 14

      25th July

       Revision and Mid semester 2 test (Test 2(2hr written test) topics 8-13 inclusive )  

       Week 15

      1st August

      Topic 14



      • Enthalpy
      • Endothermic and Exothermic reactions
      • Activation energy
      • Thermochemical equations
      • Calorimetry
      • Hess’s law

       Practical Lab Work

      Molar Volume of Hydrogen

       Task 15-16

      Activity Sheets 2 and 3

      Problems on ThermochemicalEquations

      Calorimetry and Hess’s Law

      Due 15th August

       Week 16

      8th August

      Topic 15

      Organic Chemistry

       Organic Chemistry

      • Alkanes
      • Homologous series
      • Alkenes
      • Alkynes
      • Functional groups
      • Alkyl halides

       Practical Lab work

      Calibration of a Calorimeter and calculation of Energy changes in Chemical reactions

       Task 17-Laboratory Practical work

      Log books to be collected during week 16 for assessment

       Week 17

      15th August

      Topic 15

      Organic Chemistry

       Organic Chemistry

      • Alcohols
      • Aldehydes and Ketones
      • Carboxylic acids
      • Esters
      • Amines

       Practical Lab work

      Reactions and Tests  of Hydrocarbons and important Food functional Groups 

       Task 18 Activity sheet 4 Due August 22

      Task 19 Laboratory Practical Work : Formal Report:

      Reactions and Tests of Hydrocarbons

      Due 29th august

      Log books to be collected in week18 for assessment

       Week 18

      22nd August

      Topic 16

      Food Chemistry

       Food Chemistry

      • Diet, Weight and Energy
      • Carbohydrates
        • Monosaccharides
        • Oligosaccharides
        • Polysaccharides  

       Practical Lab Work

      Nutrients in Milk

       Task 20 -Activity sheet 5:

      Food Biochemistry problems

      Due  5 th September

       Week 19

      29th August

      Topic 16

      Food Chemistry

       Food Chemistry

      • Proteins
        • Amino acids
        • Dipolar ion
        • Structure complexity



       Practical Lab Tests 

       Week 20

      5th September

      Topic 17

      Food C hemistry


      • Structure of Enzymes
      • Factors affecting Enzymes
        • pH
        • Heat


       Practical Lab Tests 

       Week 21

      12th September


      • Lock and Key model of operation

       Week 22

      19th September

      Topic 18



       DNA chemistry  
       Mid Semester break Student Vacation (26th September -2nd October )  

       Week  23

      3rd October

       Revision and End of semester 2 Test ( Test 3 2hr writtentest (Topics 8-13 inclusive)   

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry (2001) Bettelheim, F. A., Brown W.H and March, J. , 6th Edition. Harcourt College Publishers. Philadelphia, PA 19106-3412.U.S.A



Chemistry2(2007) Hogendoorm. R., et al 4th Edition Publisher: Heineman Harcourt Education Australia.


Chemistry 1 (2007) Lukins. N., et al 4th Edition Publisher: Heineman Harcourt Education Australia. ISBN


The Science of Food (1997) Gaman. P.M., Sherrington. K.B., 4th Edition Publishers Butterworth Heineman Linacre House Jordan Hill Oxford U.K


Essential Organic Chemistry (2006) Bruice. Y. P., 1st Edition Publisher Pearson Education Prentice –Hall U.S.A


Other Resources

RMIT (Carlton) VET Library Videos/DVD

Spectrophotometry AVK544.6s741

Chrmatography AVK544.926 G246

Overview of Assessment

Assessment for this course may include tests, assignments, laboratory work, work sheets and practical reports

Assessment Tasks

See Course Guide on My RMIT for details assessments  details and due dates are specified in weekly schedule

Summary of Assessment
Skills Assignments                              5%
Research Assignment                      10%
Formal Prac Reports/Activities        25%
Practical Test 1                                     5%
Practical Test 2                                     5 %
Written Test 1                                      20 %
Test 2                                                    15%
Test 3                                                    15%

Assessment Matrix

Course Overview: Access Course Overview