Course Title: Apply thermodynamic principles in engineering
Part B: Course Detail
Teaching Period: Term1 2012
Course Code: MIET6044
Course Title: Apply thermodynamic principles in engineering
School: 130T Vocational Engineering
Campus: City Campus
Program: C6069 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Technology
Course Contact: Program Manager
Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468
Course Contact Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff
Dr. Daniela Achim
Tel No.: +61 3 99254523
Nominal Hours: 80
Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.
Pre-requisites and Co-requisites
None; It is recommended that learners attempting this unit have a thorough knowledge of elementary Trigonometry & Algebra, as required in VBP228 Apply Mathematical solutions to engineering problems or equivalent.
This unit of competency sets out the knowledge and skills required to apply thermodynamic principles in engineering. This includes concepts, forms and principles and performing relevant calculations with respect to thermodynamics. No licensing, legislative, regulatory or certification requirements apply to this unit at the time of publication. However, practice in this unit is subject to regulations directly related to occupational health and safety and where applicable contracts of training such as apprenticeships and traineeships.
National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria
National Element Code & Title:
VBP277 Apply thermodynamic principles in engineering
1. Apply thermodynamic principles to plan, conduct, or complete engineering tasks
2. Determine thermodynamic requirements when planning engineering tasks
3. Operate and test equipment and devices employing various sources of energy
1.1 OH&S and environmental requirements for a
2.1 OH&S requirements for carrying out the work
3.1 Occupational health & safety requirements,
Details of Learning Activities
The Learning activities for this course, includes class room lectuers, tutorials, self research. group/individual work on projects, audio-visual presentations, class group discussions and activities. Field visits, may also be arranged when possible.
Week 1: Introduction
Week 2: General economic and social impacts energy conversion - typical processes and efficiencies
Week 3: Thermodynamic concepts
Week 4: Energy definition and principles
Week 5: Energy transfer in closed and open systems
Week 6: Gases
Week 7: Heat engines
Week 8: Heat engine performance
Week 9: Revision
Week 10: Part Exam
Week 11: Heat transfer
Week 12: Combustion and fuels
Week 13: Steam
Week 14: Refrigeration/heat pump
Week 15: Revision
Week 16: SWOT
Week 17-18: Final Exam
1. General economic and social impacts
|2||1. General economic and social impacts energy conversion - typical processes and efficiencies sources of energy solar energy hydro-electric power geothermal energy |
tidal energy nuclear energy - fission and fusion, burner and breeder reactors stored fuel reserves fuel conservation - reduction in wastage, recycling,
greater usage efficiency and use of waste heat
|3||2.Thermodynamic concepts nature of matter - atoms, molecules, inter-molecular |
forces, molecular motion, states of matter mass and conservation of mass principle volume, density, specific volume, relative density force, weight, pressure (atmospheric, gauge and absolute) temperature (Celsius and Kelvin)
systems and black box analysis reciprocating piston and cylinder mechanism - pressure ratio and compression ratio
|4||3. Energy definition and principles potential energy kinetic energy |
work (linear and rotational), constant and variable force, relationship to pressure and volume change power (linear and rotational)
sensible heat - specific heat capacity (constant pressure
and constant volume) latent heat chemical energy - energy content of a fuel
|5||4. Energy transfer in closed and open systems Definition of a closed system |
calorimetry as an example of a closed system (with or without phase change)
non-flow energy equation - typical applications such as stirring with imultaneous heating or cooling definition of an open system mass and volume flow rate and continuity equation steady flow energy equation leading to the concept of
enthalpy - typical applications such as turbines, compressors, boilers and heat exchangers
|6||5. Gases definition of a perfect or ideal gas in terms of the molecular model |
general gas equation characteristic gas equation (equation of state)
constant pressure process constant volume process isothermal process
polytropic process adiabatic process
|7|| 6. Heat engines definition of a heat engine essentials of a heat engine - heat source, heat sink, working substance, mechanical power output, working |
cycle energy balance for a heat engine (as a black box) and efficiency maximum possible efficiency (carnot efficiency) types of heat engines according to working substance, heat source, mechanical arrangement and working cycle typical practical cycles - stirling, otto, diesel, dual, two stroke (spark and compression ignition) joule cycle.
|8|| 7. Heat engine performance measurement of torque and power output - rope brake, shoe brake, hydraulic dynamometer, electric dynamometer heat supply rate, efficiency, specific fuel consumption measurement of indicated power - mechanical indicator, electric/electronic indicator, morse test friction power, mechanical efficiency, indicated thermal efficiency volumetric efficiency energy balance performance curves - variable load constant speed, variable speed constant throttle setting. ||1|
|10||Part Exam||Part Exam|
|11|| 8. Heat transfer modes of heat transfer conduction through a flat plate, series flat plates, thick and thin wall pipe, composite pipes (eg lagged pipes and drums) |
convection at a flat surface or tube radiation from a flat surface or tube for black or grey bodies combined conduction and convection through single or multiple flat plates or thin wall tubes combined convection and radiation combined onduction, convection and radiation such as fluid in a tank (convection to wall), through wall and/or insulation (conduction) to outside air (convection and radiation) heat exchangers - parallel, counterflow and cross flow
|12|| 9. Combustion and fuels the combustion process fuels - desirable and undesirable characteristics, solid, liquid and gaseous types, their relative advantages and disadvantages and common methods of combustion |
air/fuel ration - stoichiometric excess or insufficient air emissions and pollutants and their control combustion equations - element mass balance combustion products - gravimetric basis
|13|| 10. Steam importance of steam for heat transfer and power production |
steam/water properties and the inter-relationship between the various properties for unsaturated or saturated water or steam either superheated, saturated or wet
saturation temperature and pressure, specific enthalpy, specific volume, dryness fraction temperature-specific enthalpy diagram for steam/water use of steam table to determine steam/water properties (any condition except supercritical)
|14|| 11 Refrigeration/heat pump basic principles and terminology vapour compression cycle performance criteria types of refrigerant - designation, properties advantages and disadvantages refrigerant properties using the p-h diagram ideal vapour compression cycle on the p-h diagram energy balance and heat transfers in compressor, evaporator and condenser actual vapour compression cycle and variations from the ideal - pressure loss in lines and non-ideal compression superheating and subcooling with or without suction/liquid heat exchanger Carnot principle applied to refrigerator and heat pump principles of evaporative refrigeration, absorption |
refrigeration, air cycle refrigeration and thermo-electric
|17-18||Final Exam||Final Exam|
1. Roger Kinsky, Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics An Introduction
2. Roger Kinsky, Thermodynamics Advanced Applications
3. Fundamentals of Themal-Fluid Sciences Y A Cengel, J M Cimbala & R H Turner, 4th edition,
4. Principles of Engineering Thermodynamics, SI Version, Michael J. Moran, Howard N. Shapiro, Daisie D. Boettner, Margaret B. Bailey, 7th edition
5. Applied Thermodynamics for Engineering Technologists, Eastop & McKoonkey
Overview of Assessment
Assessment may incorporate a variety of methods including written/oral activities and demonstration of practical skills to the relevant industry standards.
Participants are advised that they are likely to be asked to personally demonstrate their assessment activities to their teacher/assessor.
Feedback will be provided throught the course
Evidence can be gathered through a variety of ways including:
observation of processes and procedures;
oral and/or written questioning on required knowledge and skills;
testimony from supervisors, colleagues, clients and/or other appropriate
inspection of the final product or outcome;
a portfolio of documentary evidence
Graded Assessment out of 100 Marks will be based on the results obtained for Assignments/Practical Reports/Unit Tests.
Students must gain a pass in ALL forms of assessment in order to gain this competency.
Assessment for this course is throughout the course delivering period and the exam period. Your knowledge and understanding of course content is assessed through completion of four assessment tasks. All the assessment tasks allow you to apply the required knowledge and skills in relation to interpret thermodymanics manuals and specifications.
You are required to complete the following three assessment tasks:
Assessment 1 Part Exam (closed book) Thermodynamic Principles 40%
Assessment 2 Final Exam (open book) Thermodynamic Principles 40%
Assessment 3 Assignment and/or Practical Test. 20%
All assessment tasks need to be succesfully completed to demonstrate competence.
Note: The marks of the assignments to be considered towards the final mark, the competence and knowledge displayed in the assignments must be reflected in the written tests, The assessment for the practicles will be pass or fail.
|3||Assessment 3 Assignment and or Practical Test||1-3||
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no more than 2 working days of the date of lodgment as to whether the extension has been granted.
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Course Overview: Access Course Overview