Course Title: Analyse and design foundations

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term1 2016

Course Code: CIVE5684

Course Title: Analyse and design foundations

School: 130T Vocational Engineering

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6093 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Design

Course Contact: Program Manager

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Dr. Betty Richards
Ph +61 3 9925 4172

Nominal Hours: 60

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

EDX130B-Use technical mathematics (basic)
EDX140B-Use technical mathematics (advanced)
EDX100B-Analyse force systems (basic)
EDC010B-Carry out geotechnical site investigation
EAC120B-Test and evaluate soils

Course Description

This unit of competency covers the skills and knowledge required to analyse and design residential slabs and footings, shallow footings in general and retaining structures, as well as select piles, underpinning methods and their applications, based on the fundamental principles and concepts applied to deep foundations, underpinning, trenching and sheet piling.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

EAC030B Analyse and design foundations


1. Select an appropriate footing type.

Performance Criteria:


1.1 Understanding of the broad classification of foundations is used

in the selection of footing types.

1.2 Understanding of the uncertainties and potential legal problems

is used to inform footing decisions.

1.3 The correct investigation and monitoring techniques are named

for a specific project.

1.4 Understanding of Factors of Safety is applied to footing design.

1.5 Appropriate footing types are selected for specific sites and

project and the reason for each selection documented.


2. Carry out simple footing design to AS 2870 "Residential Slabs and Footings".

Performance Criteria:


2.1 The scope of AS 2870 is understood and used to inform footing


2.2 Variation in foundation behaviour as it relates to the complexity

of footing design is understood and used to inform footing


2.3 Sketches are prepared of slabs and footings for different loads

and soil types based on AS 2870.

2.4 Special considerations for footings on variable foundation is

 understood and used to inform footing design.





3. Carry out simple shallow footing designs based on the principles of soil mechanics.

Performance Criteria:


3.1 Designs are prepared for simple shallow footings based on

formulae for calculating bearing capacity.

3.2 Consideration is given to correct soil parameters, the water table,

proximity of slopes and presence of rock.


4. Calculate stresses in a soil mass.

Performance Criteria:


4.1 Calculations are carried out to determine the stresses in a soil

mass due to footing pressure, the immediate elastic settlement,

the total final settlement and the tolerance of the structure to

settlement and differential settlement.

4.2 Immediate and final consolidation settlements are estimated.

4.3 Comments are made on the tolerance of the building to the

estimated settlement.


5. Design simple cantilever and gravity retaining walls.

Performance Criteria:


5.1 Understanding of common types of retaining structures and their

uses is applied to retaining wall design.

5.2 The active/passive wall pressures and forces are determined.

5.3 The active pressure coefficients for saturated and drained clays

are determined.

5.5 The surcharge forces, bearing capacity, settlement and factors of

safety are calculated.

5.6 Calculations are carried out to design simple cantilever and

gravity retaining walls to resist sliding and overturning.

5.7 Sketches are drawn showing the main features including

adequate drainage.


6. Select pile type/s and prepare a design.

Performance Criteria:


6.1 Appropriate pile types are selected, given a building plan,

structural loading and site data from lab and field test.

6.2 Understanding of the difference between driven and bored piles

is applied to pile design.

6.3 Common pile driving formulae are used to analyse and design

single driven piles.

6.4 The capacity of single piles and pile groups and their probable

settlement is calculated by static analysis.

6.5 Sketches are prepared of some typical pile caps showing pile

type and layout, dimensions, load carrying capacity and pile cap



7. Determine appropriate underpinning for various situations.

Performance Criteria:


7.1 Appropriate underpinning for various situations is identified.

7.2 Understanding of the number of underpinning methods and their

applications is applied to underpinning.


8. Design and analyse unsupported excavation trenching.

Performance Criteria:


8.1 Unsupported excavation trenching is designed and analysed.

8.2 The safety of an excavation trench can be assessed.


9. Design a cantilever sheetpiling wall.

Performance Criteria:


9.1 A cantilever sheetpile wall retaining cohesionless soil is


9.2 A cantilever sheetpile wall retaining cohesive soil is designed.

9.3 The maximum moment acting on a sheetpile wall is determined

and a suitable profile chosen from design charts.

Learning Outcomes


Details of Learning Activities

You will be involved in the following learning activities to meet requirements for this course and program
• Lectures
• Tutorials
• Projects
• Site visits
• Invited lecture

Further there will be a mixture of instructor–led face to face lessons and directed problem-solving exercises.

Student learning activities will include individual and team problem solving activities,  which address the designated areas of underpinning knowledge for each element. A record of such activities is to be kept in the Team Journal.  Activities will also include group and individual based research, oral presentation of research outcome. A minimum of 20% of the scheduled teaching hours will be allocated to self guided learning activities.

Teaching Schedule


Week     Topic.description                                                                                                                                                 
Element/Performance Criteria
1Selection of an appropriate footing type
Work on Assignment commences
2Potential legal problems and application of factors of safety to footing design
 Assignment  due for progressive review
1.2, 1.3,1.4
3Selection of footings for specific sites1.5
4Simple footing design to AS28702.1,2.2,2.3
5Special considerations for footings on variable foundation2.4
6Simple shallow footing designs based on the principles of soil mechanics 3.1,3.2
7 Calculation of stresses in a soil mass
Assignment due for progressive review                                                                    
8Calculation of stresses in a soil mass4.1
9Calculation of immediate and consolidation settlements
Tolerance of buildings to settlements
10Exam 13.1,3.2,4.1,4.2,4.3

Design simple cantilever and gravity retaining walls

12-13Pile types and design6.1,6.2,6.3,6.4,6.5
14Determine appropriate underpinning for various situations7.1, 7.2

Design and analyse unsupported excavation trenching
Design a cantilever sheet -piling wall
Assignment due for final review

17-18Exam 25.1, 5.2,5.3,5.4,5.5,5.6,5.7,6.1,6.2,6.3,6.4,6.5,8.1,8.2,8.3,9.1,9.2,9.3

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

Will be advised during lessons.


Other Resources


Overview of Assessment

Assessment are conducted in both theoretical and practical aspects of the course according to the performance criteria set out in the National Training Package. Students are required to undertake summative assessments that bring together knowledge and skills. To successfully complete this course you will be required to demonstrate competency in each assessment tasks detailed under the Assessment Task Section.

Your assessment for this course will be marked using the following table:

NYC (<50%) Not Yet Competent

CAG (50-59%) Competent - Pass

CC (60-69%) Competent - Credit

CDI (70-79%) Competent - Distinction

CHD (80-100%) Competent - High Distinction

Assessment Tasks

Assessment of this unit will be based on:
Assignment , 25%
Exam 1, 45%
Exam 2, 30%
Assessments may incorporate a variety of activities which include written/oral presentations, team investigation activities, and demonstration of skills through specific class activities. Cheat sheets are not allowed during closed book assessments. Student written material, solution to problems, or books, are not permitted in case of open book assessments. Solely the use of scientific calculators is allowed. To inculcate in students the ability to work in teams, team work activities are embedded within the assignment, and a team journal is a requirement. The team journal must contain record of all class activities, handouts, uploaded notes, worked solutions, etc. The assignment is in 3 parts and will be assessed on a progressive basis. 


Assessment Matrix


CIVE5684 Element/Performance Criteria
Assessment 6.3 9.3
Assignment   x x x x x x x x x x xxxx x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x
Exam 1          x x x x x                   
Exam 2              xxxxxxxxxxxx  xxxxx



Other Information

Student directed hours involve completing activities such as reading online resources, project work, individual student-teacher course-related consultation. Students are required to self-study the learning materials and complete the assigned out of class activities for the scheduled non-teaching hours. The estimated time is 20 hours outside the class time.

Credit Transfer and/or Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL):

You may be eligible for credit towards courses in your program if you have already met the learning/competency outcomes through previous learning and/or industry experience. To be eligible for credit towards a course, you must demonstrate that you have already completed learning and/or gained industry experience that is:

• Relevant
• Current
• Satisfies the learning/competency outcomes of the course

Please refer to to find more information about credit transfer and RPL.

Study and Learning Support: The Study and Learning Centre (SLC) provides free learning and academic development advice to all RMIT students.
Services offered by SLC to support numeracy and literacy skills are:

* Assignment writing, thesis writing and study skills advice
* Maths and science developmental support and advice
* English language development

Please refer to find more information

Disability Liaison Unit:
If you have a disability or long-term medical condition you should contact the DLU to seek advice and support.

Please refer to to find more information about their services

Late submission:
If you require an extension for 7 calendar days or less (from the original due date) you must complete and lodge an Application for Extension of Submittable Work (7 Calendar Days or less) form and lodge it with the Senior Educator/ Program Manager.
The application must be lodged no later than one working day before the official due date. You will be notified within no more than 2 working days of the date of lodgment as to whether the extension has been granted.

If you require an extension of more than 7 calendar days (from the original due date) you must lodge an Application for Special Consideration form under the provisions of the Special Consideration Policy, preferably prior to, but no later than 2 working days after the official due date.

Assignments submitted late without approval of an extension will not be accepted nor marked.

Special consideration:
Please refer to


Plagiarism is a form of cheating and it is a very serious academic offence that may lead to expulsion from the University.

Please refer to to find more information.

Email Communication:

All email communications will be sent to your RMIT email address and it is recommended that you check it regularly.

Course Overview: Access Course Overview