Course Title: Perform calulations related to simple fluid systems

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2013

Course Code: CIVE5687

Course Title: Perform calulations related to simple fluid systems

School: 130T Vocational Engineering

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6093 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering Design

Course Contact: Program Manager

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4468

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

 Dr Betty Richards
Course Offering Coordinator
Ph: 9925  4172

Nominal Hours: 40

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

EDX130B - Use technical mathematics (basic)

Course Description

This unit covers  the skills and  knowledge required to apply knowledge  of the basic properties, principles and applications of fluids, components, fluid statics and fluid flow to calculations on simple fluid systems.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

EAX101B Perform calulations related to simple fluid systems


1. Calculate the basic properties of fluids.

Performance Criteria:

1.1 The basic properties of fluids are understood and used to inform
decisions involving fluid systems.
1.2 Properties of fluids can be calculated given relevant data and
expressed using appropriate units.
1.3 A graph can be drawn showing typical variation of Saturation
Vapour Pressure with temperature for a liquid.
1.4 The difference between real and ideal gases and liquids are
understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
1.5 The gas laws can be used to calculate property changes to
perfect gases.


2. Choose the basic components of a fluid system.

Performance Criteria:

2.1 The application and function of various fluid components are
understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
2.2 The factors to be considered when choosing components for a
fluid system are understood and used to inform decisions
involving fluid systems.
2.3 The principles of operation of fluid flow measuring devices are
understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.


3. Determine pressures in stationary fluids and buoyancy forces.

Performance Criteria:

3.1 Pascal’s Law and its application to fluids enclosed in various
containers is understood and used to inform decisions involving
fluid systems.
3.2 The variation of pressure with depth can be determined.
3.3 The centre of pressure can be determined and the resultant
force calculated on vertical, horizontal and inclined surfaces.
3.4 Pressure readings from manometers and piezometers can be
3.5 Archimedes Principle is understood and used to inform decisions
involving fluid systems.
3.6 The magnitude and location of buoyancy forces can be


4. Perform calculations for fluid flow through pipes and ducts.

Performance Criteria:

4.1 The difference between steady and unsteady flow is understood
and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
4.2 Stream flow and eddies can be sketched.
4.3 The characteristics of laminar, turbulent and transition (mixed)
flow is understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid
4.4 The relationship between Reynold’s Number and flow regime
can be explained.
4.5 Reynold’s Number is calculated for fluid flow in a circular pipe
given pipe diameter, flow rate or velocity and fluid
4.6 Calculations are performed for velocity, volume flow rate and
mass flow rate of a fluid in pipes with or without branches.
4.7 Conservation of mass as explained by the Continuity Equation is
understood and used to inform decisions involving fluid systems.
4.8 The various energy components in a fluid system can be related
to fluid head and the conservation of energy explained by the
Bernoulli equation.
4.9 The Bernoulli equation is used with or without a head loss term
to calculate property changes to a fluid flowing from a tank to a
pipe or through a tapered or inclined pipe or duct.


5. Determine the head loss in pipes and fittings

Performance Criteria:

5.1 The D’Arcy Equation is used to calculate head loss in a pipe.
5.2 The friction factor is determined using the Moody Diagram or
5.3 Appropriate K factors are selected.
5.4 Head loss through fittings is calculated.
5.5 Head loss can be calculated through a system consisting of a
pipe and a number of fittings.
5.6 The system head equation is determined using a mean value of
the friction factor and shown in the form of a parabola.
5.7 The system head curve can be drawn for a single pipe system
with a number of fittings and tanks or reservoirs at different
levels either vented or under pressure or vacuum.


6. Determine the flow rate through an open channel

Performance Criteria:

6.1 The Chezy or Manning Formula is used to calculate the flow rate
through an open channel.
6.2 The optimum shape for an open channel with fixed or variable
flow rates can be determined.
6.3 The application & function of notches and weirs in the
measurement of channel flow are understood and used to inform
decisions involving fluid systems

Learning Outcomes

Refer to the elements

Details of Learning Activities

Lecturer -led lessons, demonstrations, and tutorials will include:
* Overview of fluid properties
* Review of Pascal’s Laws of Pressure and evidence of their existence
* Review of Pressure variation with depth
* Hydrostatic pressure calculation on plane and curved surfaces
* Description and demonstration of reading of manometers and piezometer
* Overview of displacement and buoyancy principles
* Review of steady and unsteady flow and flow regimes
* Overview and application of the Continuity Equation
* Overview and application of the Bernoulli equation
* Overview and estimation of local energy losses in pipes
* Overview of the Moody Diagram
*Determination of head loss through parallel and series pipes
* Overview of system head
* Chezy and Manning equations and their use in determining flow rate
* Review of optimum shapes for rectangular and trapezoidal channel cross sections

Student learning activities will include individual and team problem solving activities which address the designated areas of underpinning knowledge for each element.
A minimum of 20% of the scheduled teaching hours will be allocated to self guided learning activities.
Hence, students will:

* Review fluid properties and solve associated problems
* Solve problems on pressure variation with depth
* Solve problems on hydrostatic pressure on plane and curved surfaces
* Combine the Continuity concept with Bernoulli in solving pipe flow problems
* Derive f factor from Moody diagram and use in D’Arcy equation to determine frictionn loss in pipes. Use K factors chart in determining loss in fittings.
* Determine system head and plot system head curve.
*Solve problems on head loss through parallel and series pipes.
* Determine flow rates using Chezy and Manning equations

Teaching Schedule

The Teaching Schedule is posted on the course BlackBoard

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

National Engineering Module EA706 - Fluid Mechanics 1.


Will be advised by instructor

Other Resources

Online notes, and handouts distributed during class.

Overview of Assessment

Assessment are conducted in both theoretical and practical aspects of the course according to the performance criteria set out in the National Training Package. Students are required to undertake summative assessments that bring together knowledge and skills. To successfully complete this course you will be required to demonstrate competency in each assessment tasks detailed under the Assessment Task Section.

Your assessment for this course will be marked using the following table:

NYC (<50%) Not Yet Competent

CAG (50-59%) Competent - Pass

CC (60-69%) Competent - Credit

CDI (70-79%) Competent - Distinction

CHD (80-100%) Competent - High Distinction



Assessment Tasks

Assessment of this unit will involve completion of:
• Written assessment based on Elements 1, 2, and 3 
• An assignment covering element 2
• A written examination based on Elements 4, 5, and 6
In order to achieve competency in this course, students will need to demonstrate competency in each element  (i.e. students will need to demonstrate at least basic understanding of fundamental concepts and the ability to solve the relevant problems). To ensure that the competency standards are being met, throughout the semester, student progress will be closely monitored.

Assessment Matrix


Element CoveredAssessment TaskProportion of Final Assessment
1,2,3written assessment  45%
4,5,6written assessment  50%
1Assignment    5%

Other Information

Study and Learning Support:

The Study and Learning Centre (SLC) provides free learning and academic development advice to all RMIT students.
Services offered by SLC to support numeracy and literacy skills are:

* Assignment writing, thesis writing and study skills advice
* Maths and science developmental support and advice
* English language development

Please refer to find more information

Disability Liaison Unit:

If you have a disability or long-term medical condition you should contact the DLU to seek advice and support.

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Late submission:

If you require an extension for 7 calendar days or less (from the original due date) you must complete and lodge an Application for Extension of Submittable Work (7 Calendar Days or less) form and lodge it with the Senior Educator/ Program Manager.
The application must be lodged no later than one working day before the official due date. You will be notified within no more than 2 working days of the date of lodgment as to whether the extension has been granted.

If you require an extension of more than 7 calendar days (from the original due date) you must lodge an Application for Special Consideration form under the provisions of the Special Consideration Policy, preferably prior to, but no later than 2 working days after the official due date.

Assignments submitted late without approval of an extension will not be accepted nor marked.

Special consideration:

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Plagiarism is a form of cheating and it is a very serious academic offence that may lead to expulsion from the University.

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Other Information:

All email communications will be sent to your RMIT email address and it is recommended that you check it regularly.


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