Course Title: Confirm physical health status

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term1 2013

Course Code: NURS5331

Course Title: Confirm physical health status

School: 155T Vocational Health and Sciences

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6119 - Advanced Diploma of Oral Health (Dental Hygiene)

Course Contact: Sue Fatone

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 93411406

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Nominal Hours: 80

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites


Course Description

This unit of competency describes a detailed level of knowledge in biochemistry and human anatomy. It explores cellular biology, physiology and body systems to support the practice of dental hygiene and confirm physical status.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

TAFEDH032 Confirm physical health status


1. Apply knowledge of human biology and basic cellular biology to oral tissues

Performance Criteria:

1.1 Take into account biochemistry in relation to the
organisation of the physical world and more specifically
– cellular physiology
1.2 Apply the process of mitosis and meiosis to somatic
cell regeneration and sexual cell reproduction
1.3 Identify the effects of ionising radiation on normal cell
1.4 Identify the classes/groups of neurones according to
functional classification


2. Apply basic genetic principles and concepts to applied Dental Hygiene practice

Performance Criteria:

2.1 Identify modes of inheritance and the effect on oral

2.2 Differentiate inherited and environmental acquired
2.3 Apply principles of heredity and variation via a casescenario/
study in dental hygiene practice.


3. Identify basic tissue types - form and function, of the hard and soft structures of the head and neck

Performance Criteria:

3.1 Identify the key roles that inorganic compounds play in
body physiology.
3.2 Apply the principles behind membrane potential and
action to nerve and muscle physiology.
3.3 Apply the slide filament theory to muscle physiology.
3.4 Compare and contrast distinguishing characteristics of
epithelial tissue and connective tissue with a focus on
oral tissues.
3.5 Apply the histological appearance of cells and tissues
in the oral cavity to the form and function of the
3.6 Identify in a clinical setting, hard and soft epithelial
and connective tissues in the oral cavity.


4. Apply knowledge of bone formation and composition with emphasis on head and neck tissues and for radiographic interpretation

Performance Criteria:

4.1 Classify and identify the major bones of the axial and
appendicular skeleton.
4.2 Investigate the process of bone formation and growth
with reference to cranio-facial development.
4.3 Identify the microscopic and chemical composition of
bone and relate this to radiographic interpretation and
periodontal disease progression.
4.4 Identify the bones, major landmarks and features of the
skull and facial skeleton through the study of specimens
and radiographic interpretation.
4.5 Compare and contrast bony joints in the body to the
form and function of the temporomandibular joint.


5. Consider homeostasis and body system maintenance when noting the dental patient’s physical status

Performance Criteria:

5.1 Identify basic metabolic reactions to the maintenance
of homeostasis.
5.2 Apply knowledge of exocrine and endocrine glands
and secretory membranes to dental hygiene practice.
5.3 Relate the function of the renal system to the role it
plays in maintaining homeostasis.
5.4 Identify basic anatomical and histological organization
of the endocrine system and apply this information in a
physiological context when managing the dental
patient with endocrinal-based conditions

5.5 Identify the components and organisation of the
central and peripheral nervous system in relation to a
nerve impulse.
5.6 Identify the origin of the nervous system and trace the
sensory and motor pathways between the central and
peripheral sub-divisions.
5.7 Identify the structure, function and physiology of the
autonomic nervous system in the maintenance of
5.8 Apply the function of the autonomic nervous system to
dental anxiety.
5.9 Apply nerve physiology to the effects of local
5.10 Apply knowledge of the structure and function of the
skin to the maintenance of homeostasis.
5.11 Investigate the interrelationship between skin and the
oral mucous membrane through a clinical-based
scenario/case study.
5.12 Apply the development, anatomy and physiology of
the oral mucous membrane and the gingival tissues in
relation to their histological composition.
5.13 Investigate the basic anatomical and histological
organization of the cardiovascular system and relate
this to cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
5.14 Apply arterial blood supply and venous drainage to
oral-facial tissues.
5.15 Investigate the basic anatomical and histological
organization of the respiratory system and relate this
to cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
5.16 Investigate the basic anatomical and histological
organization of the digestive system in relation to daily
nutrition requirements

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this unit you have developed a detailed level of knowledge in biochemistry and human anatomy. It explores cellular biology, physiology and body systems to support the practice of dental hygiene and confirm physical status.

Details of Learning Activities

  • class presentations group and individual
  • teacher led presentations
  • individual research
  • Participate in clinical discussions and role plays/ case studies
  • Draw annotated diagrams of permanent and deciduous teeth
  • Attendance to a Practical class at Bundoora Anatomy lab
  • In a simulated setting:
  • identify hard and soft tissue structures
  • major bones of the axial and appendicular skeleton
  • anatomical structures of the head and neck

Complete workbook related to

  • Systems of the Body and their components
  • General Physiology of cells and tissues
  • Histology of oral mucosa and dental tissues
  • Oral Anatomy and Physiology 


  • observation in the work place(simulated) with questioning to address appropriate application of knowledge
  • written assignments/projects/exam
  • case study and scenario as a basis for discussion of issues and strategies to contribute to best practice
  • questioning - verbal and written
  • role-play/simulation

Teaching Schedule

Classes will commence in Semester 1 and be delivered in 3 hour blocks. Each class will include teacher led presentations, workbook activities, group collaboration and self directed learning opportunities

There will be a planned compulsory visit to the RMIT Bundoora Anatomy lab.

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

Fehrenbach; Herring,
Illustrated Anatomy of the Head and Neck 4th, Fehrenbach


Bath-Balogh; Fehrenbach
Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology, and Anatomy, 3rd Edition
Student Workbook for Illustrated Dental Embryology, Histology and Anatomy Pack:



Other Resources

Work book, learner guide and recommended reading and references as uploaded on blackboard, including classroom presentations

Overview of Assessment

Assessment will include online quizzes, written test and oral presentaion

Assessment Tasks

 Oral Anatomy, physiology test

Dental Histology Test

 Written Assessment

 Objective Structured Clinical Examination to identify bones ,landmarks and features of the skull and facial skeleton

Completion of workbook

 Written examination

Practical Examination

Assessment Matrix

Formative assessments 20%

Written examination 50% (70%pass mark)

Practical examination (OSCE) 50 % (70% pass mark)

Other Information

Underpinning skills:

Students will require the ability to:
 Accurately use and articulate medical and dental
terminology related to human anatomy and physiology
and associated health issues in the context of providing
dental hygiene practice.
 Explain in clear language relevant aspects of the
structure and functioning of the body systems with
particular reference to dental hygiene practice.
 Describe the major components of each body system
and their location in relation to other structures.
 Explain the principles of functional anatomy in relation to
each body system using concepts and principles specific
to the nature of dental hygiene practice.
 Explain the key factors necessary to healthy functioning
of each body system and inter-relationships between
body systems needed to maintain oral and overall health.
 Explain common problems associated with each body
system and its components using terms relevant to dental
hygiene practice.

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