Course Title: Work with the community to identify health needs

Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2016

Course Code: OHTH5735C

Course Title: Work with the community to identify health needs

School: 155T Vocational Health and Sciences

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6119 - Advanced Diploma of Oral Health (Dental Hygiene)

Course Contact: Sue Fatone

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 93411406

Course Contact Email:

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Eleanor Schroeder


Nominal Hours: 50

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites


Course Description

This unit develops the skills necessary to assist particular populations/subgroups of interest/ communities to define and assess their health needs.
It develops the ability to carefully work with them to examine the problem being targeted and to understand how and why it occurs
The results from the needs assessment guides the design, planning and evaluation of population health projects or interventions.
There are two stages in health needs assessment:
• The first relates to the task of identifying and prioritising health problems
• The second relates to translating these national goals into concrete action within local communities
The first stage of needs assessment often lies in the hands of health policy makers and population health professionals
Results of this stage are documented in policy papers or legislation detailing national, state or local health goals and the mobilisation of allocated funds
Recognising that community is the centre of gravity for the promotion of health, the second stage ensures the relevance and appropriateness of programs and offers members of the community a chance to engage in the planning process.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

National Element Code & Title:

HLTPOP502C Work with the community to identify health needs


1. Conduct a literature review

Performance Criteria:

1.1 Clearly identify health problem and target group being addressed

1.2 Identify and access relevant sources of data

1.3 Use the literature review to reveal the established causes of the health problem, other intervention programs that have been conducted to address the health problem and general information about the target group

1.4 Critically appraise information accessed through literature review in terms of reliability and applicability


2. Collect other relevant data to further define target group

Performance Criteria:

2.1Identify relevant types of data required to further define target group

2.2 Collect required data that cannot be obtained through a literature search, according to organisation procedures and ethical considerations

2.3 Document description of target group in a manner that would provide sufficient information for purposes of evaluation and for examination of those considering duplicating interventions


3. Investigate the health problem as it occurs and is perceived within the community

Performance Criteria:

3.1 Identify appropriate means of consulting the target group regarding the health problem, its causes and appropriate interventions/solutions

3.2 Implement means of consultation with target group and experts using allocated resources and according to organisation procedures and ethical considerations

3.3 Document results of consultation in a manner useful to planning, evaluating and duplicating interventions and according to organisation procedures and ethical considerations


4. Work with the community to identify and define their health needs

Performance Criteria:

4.1 Clearly identify factors contributing to the health problem on the basis of findings from the literature review and other data collected and discuss with the community

4.2 Sort out, in a logical manner, factors that identify causal pathways defining health needs and discuss with the community

4.3 Recommend activities that would build the capacity of the community to identify their health needs to relevant stakeholders

Learning Outcomes

On completion of this unit you will have developed the skills necessary to assist particular populations/subgroups of interest/ communities to define and assess their health needs. It develops the ability to carefully work with them to examine the problem being targeted and to understand how and why it occurs.


Details of Learning Activities

These will include lectures, class discussions, online activities and a guest presentation

Teaching Schedule

3 August: Online

10 August: Lecture

17 August: Lecture

7 September: Lecture 

9 September: Online

13 September: Lecture and Project Work

14 September: Lecture and Project Work

5 October: Online

12 October: Lecture and On line


Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts


Other Resources

A range of additional resources and references will be provided through My Studies on Blackboard.

Overview of Assessment

Assessment will include a Literature review, oral presentation and Group Project.

Assessment Tasks

Task 1: Topic: Equity and social determinants

  1. ACCESS the reference document in BB:

World Health Organization 2010 Equity, social determinants and public health programmes

Using this prescribed reference, select and refer to one population health problem* to describe the social determinants influencing the health outcomes of the population.

*Population health problems to select from

  • Alcohol
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Health and nutrition of children
  • Diabetes
  • Food safety
  • Mental disorders
  • Oral health
  • Unintended pregnancy and pregnancy outcome
  • Tobacco use
  • Tuberculosis
  • Violence and unintentional injury


On 10 August, during class, we will be continuing to explore health determinants common to population health problems with an introduction to the Australian context.

  1. READ : Australian Women’s Health Network(2013)Women Health: Meaningful measures for population health planning

Sections 2.2.2 Gender inequalities and 2.3 Determinants of health


  1. READINGS from the prescribed textbook: Jirojwong,S; Liamputtomg,P ;(2012) Population health communities and health promotion 3rd ed Oxford Australia

Chapter 1: Pages 10, 11 14 and 15

              Task 2: Health promotion and projects

              Targeting health problems of specific target populations in Victoria

              Explore this link:



Task 3: Topic: Key population health organisations:

 Research and provide a brief description about each, in the context of population health, referring to their policies, goals, targets and priorities

  1. WHO
  2. AIHW
  3. ABS
  4. CDC
  5. COAG
  6. NHMRC
  7. Primary Health Networks ( Australia)
  8. PHAA (Australia)



Task 4: Topic: International charters/declarations:

Access the following documents ( located in BB) and using a table format, provide a comparative overview of the main objectives, priority and strategies for each of the following:

  1. Alma Ata,
  2. Ottawa Charter
  3. Jakarta Declaration,
  4. The Solid Facts by WHO

Assessment Matrix

Assessment matrix is available on blackboard

Other Information

Late work that is submitted without an application for an extension (see below) will not be corrected. • APPLICATION FOR EXTENSION OF TIME FOR SUBMISSION OF ASSESSABLE WORK - A student may apply for an extension of up to 7 days from the original due date. They must lodge the application form (available at least 24 hours before the due date. The application is lodged with the School Admin Office on Level 3 of Dental Hospital. Students requiring longer extensions must apply for SPECIAL CONSIDERATION. • For missed assessments such as exams- you (& your doctor if you are sick) must fill out a special consideration form. This form must be lodged online with supporting evidence prior to, or within, 48 hours of the scheduled time of examination Assignments will be marked as Satisfactory/Not satisfactory. Students may be given the opportunity to resubmit the assignment if this is requested by the teacher an

Course Overview: Access Course Overview