# Course Title: Aerospace Physics 2

## Part B: Course Detail

Teaching Period: Term2 2011

Course Code: ONPS5100

Course Title: Aerospace Physics 2

School: 155T Life & Physical Sciences

Campus: City Campus

Program: C6011 - Advanced Diploma of Engineering (Aerospace)

Course Contact : Alex Malikotsinas

Course Contact Phone: +61 3 9925 4714

Course Contact Email:alma@rmit.edu.au

Name and Contact Details of All Other Relevant Staff

Gordon Flynn
Room 705A, Bld 51
Phone: 99250296

Nominal Hours: 40

Regardless of the mode of delivery, represent a guide to the relative teaching time and student effort required to successfully achieve a particular competency/module. This may include not only scheduled classes or workplace visits but also the amount of effort required to undertake, evaluate and complete all assessment requirements, including any non-classroom activities.

Pre-requisites and Co-requisites

MATH5156 Mathematics 1
ONPS5098 Physics 1
MATH5158 Mathematics 2

Course Description

The purpose of this course is to provide training in physics, which underpins the more advanced training required for employment as a para-professional technician.
Areas covered in this course include:
• Circular motion
• Orbital motion
• Rotational motion
• Oscillation
• Thermodynamics
• Wave motion-light and sound.

National Codes, Titles, Elements and Performance Criteria

 National Element Code & Title: VBH157 Aerospace Physics 2

Learning Outcomes

1. Discuss circular motion and solve problems involving uniform circular motion (UCM).
2. Discuss orbital motion and solve problems involving orbital motion.
3. Discuss rotational motion and solve problems involving rotational motion.
4. Discuss oscillation and solve problems involving simple harmonic motion (SHM).
5. Discuss the pressure-volume-temperature relationship in gases and solve problems relating to temperature and gases.
6. Discuss thermodynamics with regard to heat and matter and solve related problems.
7. Discuss the Laws of Thermodynamics and their application and perform related calculations.
8. Discuss the electromagnetic and sound wave phenomena and solve related problems

Details of Learning Activities

Classes will consist of a mix of lecture/tutorial, problem solving sessions, and practical classes in a laboratory

Teaching Schedule

Wk 1    Circular motion. Angular and linear quantities. Centripetal acceleration

1.1 Define the following rotational motion terms: angle measurement systems, angular velocity, linear (tangential) velocity, frequency, RPM
1.2 Convert between rotational motion measurements
1.3 Describe objects moving in UCM in terms of the change of velocity and constant acceleration
1.4 Define the term centripetal acceleration
1.5 List examples of objects subject to UCM
1.6 State the equations for UCM
1.7Solve problems relating to UCM
1.8 Model planetary motion in terms of the laws of UCM.

Theory activity 1A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 1B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 1C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.    1A: 1.5 hr.
1B:  0.5 hr
1C: 1 hr

Wk 2    Rotation of rigid body. Moment of inertia. Torque

2.1 State the four equations of constant angular acceleration
2.2 Compare the four equations of constant angular acceleration to the four equations of constant linear acceleration
2.3 Define the terms moment of a force and rotational equilibrium
2.4 Solve problems involving moments of a force and rotational equilibrium
2.5 Define torque and compare it with force
2.6 Derive moments of inertia for point systems and for standard shaped bodies
Theory activity 2A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 2B: Discussion  and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 2C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.    2A: 1.5 hr.
2B:  0.5 hr
2C: 1 hr

Wk 3    Rolling motion. Work and energy. Angular momentum

3.1 Describe the behaviour of a translating and rotating body in energy terms
3.2 Define the terms moment of inertia and rotational kinetic energy
3.3 Solve problems involving moments of inertia and rotational kinetic energy
3.4 Define the term angular momentum
3.5 Describe conservation of angular momentum
3.6 Compare angular momentum to linear momentum
3.7 Solve problems involving angular momentum and conservation of angular momentum
3.8 Define the term rotational power
3.9 Solve problems involving torque and rotational power
Theory activity 3A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 3B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 3C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.    3A: 1.5 hr.
3B:  0.5 hr
3C: 1 hr

Wk 4    Exp 1: Circular Motion Experiment

Practical activity 4A: Experiment 1 on Circular Motion. Set up apparatus and collect measurements as instructed.
Practical activity 4B: Discuss results and begin process of analysis and preparing the report.

4A: 2hr
4B: 1hr

Investigate the relationship between the period of a ball rotating on a horizontal plane and a number of other variables such as the length of the string and the height.

Wk 5    Heat. Temperature. Specific heats. Expansion of solids

5.1 Define heat in molecular terms
5.2 Define the term specific heat
5.3 Calculate temperature changes using specific heat
5.4 Compare heat to temperature with reference to specific heat
5.5 Describe the relationship between mechanical work and heat
5.6 Describe the thermal expansion of solids and liquids, including the anomalous behaviour of water
5.7 Describe design considerations used to accommodate expansion/contraction of objects
Theory activity 5A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 5B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 5C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard..

5A: 1.5 hr.
5B:  0.5 hr
5C: 1 hr

Wk 6    Phase changes and Latent heats

6.1 Compare common thermometric processes
6.2 Distinguish the changes that occur as a solid is warmed to a gas
6.3 Define heats involved in phase changes
6.4 Predict the behaviour of matter using phase diagrams
6.5 State the three methods of heat transfer
6.6 Quantify heat transfer by conduction and radiation
6.7 Define the term adiabatic gas processes and list examples

Theory activity 6A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 6B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 6C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.

6A: 1.5 hr.
6B:  0.5 hr
6C: 1 hr         Experiment 1 Report due by 5:30pm on the day of the class.

Wk 7    Exp 2: Specific Heat Capacity

Practical activity 7A: Set up apparatus and perform experiment as set out on prac-sheet.
Discussion activity 7B: Discussion/analysis of results.

7A: 2 hr practice
7B: 1 hr discussion    Experiment 2: Specific Heat Capacity. Estimation of the Specific Heat Capacity of Copper and of 35% salt water solution.

Wk 8    Ideal gases and the Gas Laws

8.1 Derive the ideal gas law from pressure-volume-temperature interactions in a gas sample
8.2 Define molar quantities in terms of Atomic Mass Units and the volumes of gases
8.3 Express the ideal gas law in terms of the Boltzmann constant
8.4 Apply ideal gas behaviour to define the absolute temperature scale
8.5 List the four recognised temperature scales and convert values between them
8.6 Explain the assumptions underlying the kinetic theory of gases
8.7 List formulae describing the molecular speeds in a gas sample
8.8 Apply the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution to describe the movements of gas particles at different temperatures
8.9 Quantify gas internal energies using the equipartition of energy theory
8.10 Relate molecular concepts to macroscopic behaviour of liquids
8.11 Solve problems relating to temperature and gases

Theory activity 8A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 8B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 8C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.

8A: 1.5 hr.
8B:  0.5 hr
8C: 1 hr

Wk 9    Revision

Revision activity 9A: Brief review of topics and final advice on exam conditions.
Revision activity 9B: Work through  last year’s exam paper under test conditions
Revision activity 9C: Discuss solutions and other problems and issues raised by students.

9A: 0.5 hr.
9B:  1.5 hr
9C: 1 hr        Experiment 2 Report due by 5:30pm on the day of the class.

Wk 10    Test 1

Activity 10A: Test

10A: 2.5 hr     Test 1
Test 1 covers material covered in weeks 1-8.

Wk 11    Laws of thermodynamics. Heat engines

11.1 Calculate adiabatic gas changes 7.1 State the first law in both written and algebraic forms
11.2 Describe work done in thermodynamic processes
11.3 Describe adiabatic, isothermal, isochoric and isobaric changes in terms of changes in W, Q and U
11.4 Describe applications of the first law of thermodynamics
11.5 Describe the efficiency of a heat engine
11.6 Calculate the efficiency of a heat engine from Q in Q out
11.7 Distinguish reversible from irreversible processes
11.8 Define the Carnot cycle with reference to PN diagrams
11.9 Calculate the efficiency of the Carnot cycle
11.10 Discuss the working cycles of: otto cycle diesel cycle rankine cycle refrigerators
11.11 Describe entropy
11.12 Describe the entropy changes for various processes
11.13 Express the second law of thermodynamics in two ways
11.14 State the third law of thermodynamics
11.15 Explain observed phenomena with reference to the third law of thermodynamics

Theory activity 11A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 11B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 11C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.

11A: 1.5 hr.
11B:  0.5 hr
11C: 1 hr

Wk 12    Simple Harmonic Motion: Pendulum. Mass-spring system

12.1 Evaluate energy interchange in a horizontal mass/spring system
12.2 Define quantities used to describe SHM
12.3 Describe SHM in terms of acceleration and displacement
12.4 List examples of SHM systems
12.5 Compare SHM to UCM
Theory activity 12A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 12B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 12C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.

12A: 1.5 hr.
12B:  0.5 hr
12C: 1 hr

Wk 13    Simple Harmonic Motion: Pendulum. Mass-spring system

13.1 List the equations for displacement, velocity and acceleration for SHM
13.2 Explain under what conditions a simple pendulum performs SHM.
13.2 Solve problems involving SHM
13.3 Describe damped and forced oscillations

Theory activity 13A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 13B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 13C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.

13A: 1.5 hr.
13B:  0.5 hr
13C: 1 hr

Wk 14    Waves: Basic properties, Doppler Effect

14.1 Define the following wave motion terms: amplitude, frequency, velocity of propagation, wavelength,     period, phase, traverse, and longitudinal
14.2 Compare the nature and propagation of transverse and longitudinal matter waves
14.3 Discuss the nature of electromagnetic waves
14.4 Describe the propagation of electromagnetic waves
14.5 State the SI divisions of the electromagnetic spectrum used for communication and the production of light
14.6 List the methods of communications used in each electromagnetic spectrum division
14.7 Describe the following wave phenomena: reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, and standing waves
14.8 Solve problems relating to wave concepts
14.9 Discuss the nature of sound waves in terms of: types of mechanical waves wave speed
14.10 Discuss the Doppler Effect and solve problems.

Theory activity 14A: Lecture: Explanation/discussion of key concepts and formulae on the board. Hard copy of notes supplied to students. Notes also available on Blackboard.
Theory activity 14B: Discussion and detailed working out of typical problems on the board.
Theory activity 14C: Practice problem solving:  Students work through relevant section of supplied problems handout.
Problems booklet also available on Blackboard.

14A: 1.5 hr.
14B:  0.5 hr
14C: 1 hr

Wk 15    Exp 3: The Spiral Spring

Practical activity 15A: Set up apparatus and perform experiment as set out on prac-sheet.
Practical activity 15B: Discussion/analysis of results.

15A: 2 hr
15B: 1 hr     Experiment 3: Spiral Spring: Estimation of the Elastic Constant of a spring and use the results to determine g, the gravitational acceleration at this altitude.

Wk 16    Revision

Revision activity 16A: Brief review of topics and final advice on exam conditions.
Revision activity 16B: Work through  last year’s exam paper under test conditions
Revision activity 16C: Discuss solutions and other problems and issues raised by students.

16A: 0.5 hr.
16B:  1.5 hr
16C: 1 hr        Experiment 3 Report due by 5:30pm on the day of the class.

Wk 17    Final Exam

Activity 17A: Final Exam

17A: 2.5hr    Final exam:
Final exam covers material covered in weeks 1-16.

Wk 18            Activity 17A: Final Exam

Learning Resources

Prescribed Texts

References

Other Resources

D. Giancoli,  Physics, Principles with Applications

R A Serway, Physics for Scientists and Engineers

P E Tippens, Basic Technical Physics

V Ivanoff, Engineering Physics

Overview of Assessment

Assessment consists of:
• Three practicals worth 30%
• Test worth 30%
• Exam worth 40%.

Assessment Schedule

Module Learning outcomes
/  Competency elements    Proportion of Final Assessment    Submission Time
1 – 3    Assessment 1: Experiment 1    1.1 - 3.9    10 %    Wk 6
5-7    Assessment 2: Experiment 2    4.1 - 6.8    10 %    Wk 9
8-14    Assessment 3: Experiment 3    8.1 - 14.10    10 %    Wk 16
1-7    Assessment 4: Test 1    1.1 - 8.    30 %    Wk 10
10-14    Assessment 3: Final exam    1.1 - 14.10.    40 %    End of course

Assessment 1: Experiment 1
DUE: Friday of week 6, by 5:30pm AEST (Australian Eastern Standard Time)    10 Marks    10%

•    Students are organised in groups of 3-4 people and required to arrange all testing apparatus and perform all the tasks as set out in the Method part of the prac –sheet titled Circular Motion Experiment (steps 1-6). (Prac-sheet attached at the end of this document)
•    Students must submit an individual report that contains tables of experimental results graphs and responses to all the questions on the prac-sheet (steps 8-11) for marking.
Marking guide

1    Correctly tabulate results of measurements and calculated quantities, expressed in the correct units and with  the  appropriate number of significant figures.
2    Draw a correctly labelled graph of period versus height  and identify the relationship between the two variables.
Draw a second graph that linearizes the previous relationship.
Use sound Physics and mathematical ideas to comment on agreement with theoretical expectations.
3    Draw a graph of period vs. length and use it to identify the relationship between these two variables.
4    Identify the relationship between P and m   by drawing a correctly labelled graph.
5    Use the provided background theory to derive an equation connecting period and all other experimental variables.
Discuss to what extent your theoretical equation agrees with the experimental result.
Suggest a method which could allow us to express the experimental/theoretical agreement numerically.

Assessment 2: Experiment 2
DUE: Friday of week 10, by 5:30pm AEST (Australian Eastern Standard Time)    10 Marks    10%

•    Students are organised in groups of 3-4 people and required to arrange all testing apparatus and perform all the tasks as set out in the Method(1) and(2)  parts of the prac–sheet titled Specific Heat Capacity (Prac-sheet attached at the end of this document)
•    Students must submit an individual report that contains tables of experimental results graphs and responses to all the questions on the prac-sheet for marking.

Marking guide

1    Correctly tabulate results  of measurements and calculations in the appropriate number of significant figures and in the correct units.
2    Use the average values calculated from the measurements  and the appropriate equations  in order to calculate the specific heat capacity of the metal. Express the answer in the appropriate units and  number of significant figures
3    Compare qualitatively as well quantitavely the experimental value for the specific heat capacity of the metal to the accepted one provided.
4    Provide succinct and well reasoned answers based on sound Physics principles to Questions(1) on page3 0f prac-sheet.
5    Correctly tabulate the results of measurements for Method(2) part of practical.
6    Correctly follow all the steps as instructed in order to calculate the specific heat capacity of the saltwater in the correct units and significant figures.
7    Use sound Physics principles and ideas and calculations to answer Question2 on p4 of prac-sheet

Assessment 3: Experiment 3
DUE: Friday of week 16, by 5:30pm AEST (Australian Eastern Standard Time)    10 Marks    10%

•    Students are organised in groups of 3-4 people and required to arrange all testing apparatus and perform all the tasks as set out in the Method(1) and(2) parts of the prac-sheet titled The Spiral Spring Experiment. (Prac-sheet attached at the end of this document)
•    Students must submit an individual report that contains tables of experimental results graphs and responses to all the questions on the prac-sheet for marking.

Marking guide

1    Correctly tabulate all results of measurements including a reasonable estimate of the measurement error.
2    Plot a correctly labelled graph as per instructions and draw the line of best fit.
3    Use graphical means and the correct formulae from the theory provided to find the Spring Constant.
4    Correctly tabulate all experimental and calculation results as instructed in Method(2) part of the prac.
5    Plot a correctly labelled graph of T2 vs. m as per instructions showing clearly the line of best fit.
6    Find the experimental value of g and compare it to the accepted value of 9810 mm/s2.
7    Use sound Physics ideas and calculations to address all final 5 questions on p3 of prac-sheet.

Assessment Matrix

Course Overview: Access Course Overview